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CONTENTS
 
 
いる

Quick Info
1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
2. A is the subject's customary actions.
3. A-ing (Progressive tense)

15

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Meaning
Describes a state after the action A takes place.

JLPT level: N5 | Other grammar in 'Secondary Verbs':
Politeness: casual | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (8)
User sentences (179)
Verified sentences (2)
Construction
AVerb: て-form+いる
Model Sentence
いもうとしています
My younger sister is married.
Helpful? 20 | Something incorrect?

At one point, the sister got married (しました), so the sentence represents the state of her being married.

ちちっています
My father is overweight.
Helpful? 14 | Something incorrect?

The father put on weight in the past (りました), so the sentence shows his current state of being overweight.

Notes

This usage of ~ている only shows a state, so it cannot show action or motion. Note the time progression that results in the following sentences.

みちたぬきんでいましたきっとねられたでしょう
A raccoon dog (tanuki) was dead on the street. It must have been hit by a car.
Helpful? 11 | Something incorrect?

1. (これから)ぬ = きている。 (The dog is still living)
2. にました。 (This is an instantaneous change in state from living to dead)
3. (ずっと/も)んでいる。 (The result of the change still exists, as the dog is still dead)


じこすでにかっています
I already know the cause of the accident.
Helpful? 10 | Something incorrect?

1. (これから)かる = からない。 (You don't yet know the cause)
2. かりました。 (This is an instantaneous change in state from not knowing to knowing)
3. (は)かっている。 (You found out and are still in a state of knowing the cause.)


Usages notes (by users)
  • き?
    13
    The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

    Example:
    っている。→ ってる。
    っています。→ ってます。

    All the conjugations are the same, just without the extra い.

    っていた。 -> ってた。 It had been raining.
    っていない。 -> ってない。It did not rain.
    っていなかった。 -> がふってなかった。It had not been raining.
    Written by Kori 5+ years ago



  • All example sentences have been verified for accuracy.
  • Move your mouse over the sentence for additional information.
  • Not enough kanji?

わすれてたテレビまだいている
Ah, I forgot! The TV is still on.
Helpful? 8 | Something incorrect?
あっまだいていますめてください
Ah! The window is still open. Please close it.
Helpful? 5 | Something incorrect?
まれてんでいます
She is delighted to have had a child.
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
きっとっているからいてみよう
I'm sure he knows, so let's ask him.
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
っています
Today's sky is cloudy.
Helpful? 4 | Something incorrect?
れていましたです
Yesterday was clear, but today is rainy.
Helpful? 0 | Something incorrect?
まだれている
Yesterday's laundry is still wet.
Helpful? 0 | Something incorrect?
まだいているはずだ
The lights should still be on.
Helpful? 0 | Something incorrect?

Below are sentences using this grammar that have been submitted by users.
Help out by making comments/fixing mistakes or adding your own (at the bottom)!

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These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

Years studied: 4

avatar
5774 82
はんこ ポスト
39 56
き?
1
アメリカにんでいました。
I was living in America last year.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: 3 | Studying: JLPT N3

avatar
3056 186
はんこ ポスト
34 87
き?
0
さいんでいます
Now, I am living on a small island.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 3+ years ago

Loading user sentences...


Meaning
A is the subject's customary actions.

JLPT level: N5 | Other grammar in 'Secondary Verbs':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (5)
User sentences (184)
Verified sentences (8)
Construction
AVerb: て-form+いる
Model Sentence
わたしCNNニュースています
I watch the CNN news every morning.
Helpful? 11 | Something incorrect?
ひまなときいつもインターネットしています
I always use the internet when I have free time.
Helpful? 8 | Something incorrect?
Notes

This form of ~ている is often used with repetitive time nouns such as いつも, , , etc.


Usages notes (by users)
  • き?
    3
    The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

    Example:
    、いつもインターネットをしている。→ 、いつもインターネットをしてる。
    、いつもインターネットをしています。→ 、いつもインターネットをしてます。
    Written by Kori 5+ years ago



  • All example sentences have been verified for accuracy.
  • Move your mouse over the sentence for additional information.
  • Not enough kanji?

べています
I eat vegetables every day.
Helpful? 4 | Something incorrect?
いつもテレビくつろいでいます
I am always relaxing and watching TV.
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
この使っています
I have been using this notebook for 2 years.
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
バスっている
I ride the bus every day.
Helpful? 0 | Something incorrect?
バイトしています
I have a part-time job on Sundays.
Helpful? 0 | Something incorrect?

Below are sentences using this grammar that have been submitted by users.
Help out by making comments/fixing mistakes or adding your own (at the bottom)!

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These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

Years studied: 3 | Studying: For N1

avatar
15362 279
はんこ ポスト
34 19
き?
0
このレストランでべている。
Every day I have lunch at this restaurant.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: 5 | Studying: JLPT N1

avatar
23477 362
はんこ ポスト
33 79
き?
0
までおくっている。
Every day, before going to work, she's bringing her child to the kindergarten.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: そろそろマシなができるはずの | Studying:

799 55
はんこ ポスト
30 19
き?
3
そうやっておばっかりんでいるとアルになるぜ。
If you go on drinking (like you always are), (I'm telling you,) you are going to be an alcoholic.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: 4

avatar
5774 82
はんこ ポスト
39 56
き?
1
っています
Every morning I run at the park.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: 3 | Studying: JLPT 2

avatar
23720 62
はんこ ポスト
32 5
き?
1
ギターしている
I practice on guitar every night.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 3+ years ago

Years studied: 3 | Studying: N1

avatar
9210 237
はんこ ポスト
34 26
き?
2
している。
I speak in Japanese for one hour every day.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 3+ years ago


2068 123
はんこ ポスト
15 12
き?
1
からのドラマをている。
every night I watch a Drama from Korea.
Japanese:

English:

(2) (2)
revised 3+ years ago

Years studied: 3 | Studying: JLPT N3

avatar
3056 186
はんこ ポスト
34 87
き?
1
ぐらいテレビゲームしています
Everyday I play video games for about 2 hours.
Japanese:

English:

(3) (3)
revised 3+ years ago

Loading user sentences...


Meaning
A-ing (Progressive tense)

JLPT level: N5 | Other grammar in 'Secondary Verbs':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): ところ (similar) (add related)

How to Use
Examples (5)
User sentences (223)
Verified sentences (4)
Construction
AVerb: て-form+いる
Example:
たべている (to be eating)
かいている (to be writing)

Model Sentence

This is identical to the progressive 'ing' form in English.

おとうとテレビゲームしています
My brother is playing video games now.
Helpful? 5 | Something incorrect?

This can also be used to show an action which is performed repeatedly over a period of time.

いもうとめています
My younger sister works for a bank.
Helpful? 11 | Something incorrect?
わたしニューヨークんでいます
I live in New York.
Helpful? 5 | Something incorrect?
Notes

This usage of ~ている shows action in progress, that is, actions that do not end after a moment.

いまべていますからまたあとでをしてください
I'm eating dinner right now, so could you call me back later?
Helpful? 20 | Something incorrect?

1. (これから)べる = まだべていない。 (I haven't yet eaten)
2. (べている。 (I am in the process of eating)
3. (もう)べた。 (The action of eating is finished)

[/box]
Usages notes (by users)
  • き?
    1
    The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

    Example:
    は、テレビゲームをしている。→ は、テレビゲームをしてる。
    は、テレビゲームをしています。→ は、テレビゲームをしてます。
    Written by Kori 5+ years ago



  • All example sentences have been verified for accuracy.
  • Move your mouse over the sentence for additional information.
  • Not enough kanji?

こちらかっています
The family is heading this way.
Helpful? 3 | Something incorrect?
っています
He is running now.
Helpful? 2 | Something incorrect?
んでばかりいてをしていません
Lately I've only been playing and not studying.
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
っているからあとでします
I'm on the train right now, so I'll call you again later.
Helpful? 0 | Something incorrect?
もしもししてる
Hello, what are you doing right now?
Helpful? 0 | Something incorrect?

Below are sentences using this grammar that have been submitted by users.
Help out by making comments/fixing mistakes or adding your own (at the bottom)!

Sort by:
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These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

Years studied: 3 | Studying: For N1

avatar
15362 279
はんこ ポスト
34 19
き?
2
このんでいます。
I'm reading this book.
Japanese:

English:

(1) (1)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: 6

avatar
1007 31
はんこ ポスト
28 3
き?
1
しています。
Now, I'm practising Japanese.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: 4

avatar
5774 82
はんこ ポスト
39 56
き?
2
っています
I'm wearing a box on my head.
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

Years studied: 3 | Studying: JLPT 2

avatar
23720 62
はんこ ポスト
32 5
き?
1
んでいます
Are your studies going well?
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 3+ years ago

Loading user sentences...



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Discussion about this grammar


117 2
はんこ ポスト
10 1
Quote
In the model sentence 「いもうとは、ぎんでつとめています。」”My younger sister works for a bank", the particle に would read better than で concerning the verb つとめる.  Thus, 「いもうとは、ぎんにつとめています。」
このメッセージがき! 2
written 5+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
Years studied: Too many (not enough!) | Studying:

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33084 1662
はんこ ポスト
37 6104
Quote
Thanks so much for catching that! Fixed it :)
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago.
Years studied: 8 | Studying: Kanken 8-7

avatar
4052 132
はんこ ポスト
33 265
Quote
The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.
このメッセージがき! 2
written 5+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
Years studied: Too many (not enough!) | Studying:

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33084 1662
はんこ ポスト
37 6104
Quote
You should stick it in as a 'usage note' so you get credit for it! Since this page has three meanings that would all benefit from your notes, making 3 identical usage notes is completely acceptable.
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago.
Years studied: 7 | Studying:

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5806 470
はんこ ポスト
27 471
Quote
The title on this page itself is fine, but on the main grammar library page, this pattern shows up as てる. Again, I'm aware that いる uses the kanji る, but when combined with て-form, I'm pretty sure it's almost always written in kana.
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
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33084 1662
はんこ ポスト
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Quote
Fixed!
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago.
Years studied: 8 | Studying: JLPT N2

avatar
6011 101
はんこ ポスト
23 464
Quote
The first usage reads "Describes a state after the action A takes place." I learned that it was used as a state of being. I am . . . married, short, tall, hot, cold. Is that right?
このメッセージがき! 0
written 4+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
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33084 1662
はんこ ポスト
37 6104
Quote
The first case (married), occurs after something takes place (marriage). Could you give me an example of those other states you gave, used in ている form?
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
Years studied: 8 | Studying: JLPT N2

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6011 101
はんこ ポスト
23 464
Quote
When I learned them the first time, I guess it was things like marriage, death, etc. I think maybe I just hadn't connected the two. Thanks for asking :)
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
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はんこ ポスト
37 6104
Quote
Definitely look under the 'notes' section on that first meaning - The way it shows the three 'stages' of an action (like dying) made it really clear for me when I first read it :)
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
Years studied: 6 | Studying: N2

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2025 126
はんこ ポスト
29 33
Quote
Just noticed a typo- "Progessive tense" should be "Progressive tense".
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
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33084 1662
はんこ ポスト
37 6104
Quote
Thanks so much! Fixed it.
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
Years studied: 1 month | Studying: N5

2 0
はんこ ポスト
4 1
Quote
ありがとうございます :D :D
このメッセージがき! 0
written 1 year ago.
Years studied: Since summer 2012 | Studying: Grammar N5, Kanji N5-N3

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2939 48
はんこ ポスト
29 55
Quote
I just came across another usage of ている-form as a description of constante state (not action, as in the examples above). I don't think this usage is covered by the explanations above so I'll put it down here.

ている-form in this case describes the constant state of things, the way they were from the very beginning.
 For example "はクラウデぃア・シファーにています" She looks like Claudia Schiffer (she did't start looking like Schiffer two days ago, but she always looked like her).
このがっています。  This street has a turn (?? not sure  how to put this in English). Here again, this street has always been this way and didn't get this turn in the course of time.

So far though, I came across only two verbs that can be used in this way. Probably someone else here knows more of them?
このメッセージがき! 0
written 1 year ago. Edited 1 year ago.
マイコー Site admin
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33084 1662
はんこ ポスト
37 6104
Quote
If fits under the first definition, except that the first one is a bit too restrictive and doesn't allow these examples. The second one actually does fit in - whoever made the road originally curved it during construction (the action), leaving it in a curved state.

ています....that one doesn't, though. Let me think on it.
このメッセージがき! 0
written 1 year ago.