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Quick Info
1. At A, in A
2. For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)
3. Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A
4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
5. Because of A, Due to A
6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns

13

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Meaning
At A, in A
Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.

JLPT level: N5 | Other grammar in 'Particles':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (7)
User sentences (169)
Construction
ANoun (location)+
Example:
レストランべる (eat at a restaurant)

Notes
Shows where A takes place

Usages notes (by users)
  • き?
    0
    Compare also to the use of に as a place marker (like in む).
    Written by jacekh 5+ years ago

  • き?
    15
    In this grammar pattern with places, in contrast with using に (where the verb is usually only passive or showing existence), when using で there needs to be an action taking place. For example レストランにいます (I am at the restaurant) vs レストランでべています (I am eating at the restaurant).
    Written by mysticfive 4+ years ago



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するです
My dream is to mingle at a mixed-gender Japanese onsen.
Helpful? 10 | Something incorrect?
パリキスしました
I kissed my girlfriend in Paris.
Helpful? 9 | Something incorrect?
コンビニきました
During summer vacation, I worked at a convenience store.
Helpful? 10 | Something incorrect?
スーパーかしいいました
I met a dear friend of mine at a supermarket nearby.
Helpful? 5 | Something incorrect?
スカウトされました
I was scouted in Shibuya, Tokyo.
Helpful? 3 | Something incorrect?
ここでギャグしたいいます!
I'd like to do a joke now (here)!
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
あそこおしゃべりなっていました
We became engrossed in our conversation over there.
Helpful? -2 | Something incorrect?

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Meaning
For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)

JLPT level: N5 | Other grammar in 'Particles':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (0)
User sentences (89)
Verified sentences (1)
Construction
ANoun (length/amount)+
Example:
(for 4 years)


Usages notes (by users)
  • き?
    12
    When using a length of time, that's the duration of the action, not "after (period of time), the action will occur".

    (incorrect) でアメリカにきます > I will go to America in 5 months.
    (ok!) でアメリカにいました. > I was in America for 5 months.

    (incorrect) かけます > I will leave in an hour.
    (correct) (ご)でかけます> I will leave after an hour.
    Written by マイコー 4+ years ago

  • き?
    2
    In general, で indicates scope when it follows quantity words. In addition to the 'length of time' usage, it is also often used to indicate how much something costs:


    500える ----- books that can be bought for 500 yen

    If で follows other counter words, it identifies that number of objects or people as the amount included:

    った ---- went to the beach as a group of four people

    で2500 ---- five books for 2500 yen
    Written by 3+ years ago



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These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

Years studied: 3 | Studying: JLPT N3

avatar
3056 183
はんこ ポスト
34 87
き?
3
しなさい
Study English for 3 hours. (Command)
Japanese:

English:

(0) (0)
revised 2+ years ago

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Meaning
Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A

JLPT level: N5 | Other grammar in 'Particles':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (7)
User sentences (97)
Construction
ANoun (Object)++BAction
Example:
いく (go by train)


Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.


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  • Not enough kanji?

べました
I ate sashimi with chopsticks.
Helpful? 7 | Something incorrect?
テレビました
Yesterday、I saw a movie on TV at my house.
Helpful? 4 | Something incorrect?
したいです
I want to talk to my Japanese friends using the Japanese language.
Helpful? 7 | Something incorrect?
こんにちはってもらいました
I had (them) take me by car today.
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
までこういます
I think i will go to Kyoto by car.
Helpful? 2 | Something incorrect?
します
I talk to her in Japanese.
Helpful? 1 | Something incorrect?
あなたいていました
I heard about you from talking with my father.
Helpful? 2 | Something incorrect?

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Meaning
Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of

JLPT level: not listed | Other grammar in 'Particles':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (0)
User sentences (69)
Construction
ANoun (Material)+
Example:
できた (made of wood)


Usages notes (by users)
  • き?
    9
    で is used when the material something is made of is obvious. When the materials are not obvious, から is used instead.
    When the statement is about something specific, the verb form できている is used, whereas for generic statements できる is used.
    E.g.
    そのでできている。 This box is made of wood.
    でできる。 Swords are made of steel.
    からできる。 Paper is made from wood.
    このワインはカシスからできている。 This wine is made from black currant.
    Written by alekth 3+ years ago



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Meaning
Because of A, Due to A

JLPT level: not listed | Other grammar in 'Particles':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (0)
User sentences (87)
Construction
ANoun+
Example:
(because of snow)

Aな-adjective+
Example:
(because (it's) unhygenic)

Aい-adjective- い+くて
Example:
しくて (because (I'm) busy)


Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.


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Meaning
Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns

JLPT level: N5 | Other grammar in 'Particles':
Politeness: not marked (suggest) | Related meaning(s): none (add related)

How to Use
Examples (0)
User sentences (77)
Construction
ANoun+
Aな-adjective+
Example:
きれい (clean and wide)


Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.


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Discussion about this grammar

Years studied: 1

avatar
332 4
はんこ ポスト
10 11
Quote
There is also another way to use で。It means that you did something using another thing. Ex:

I'll read it with (using) a dictionary -> む。
I came from school by car -> からた。
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago. Edited 5+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
Years studied: Too many (not enough!) | Studying:

avatar
32314 1563
はんこ ポスト
37 5741
Quote
Thanks, added it. I'll add some model sentences later, but you can go ahead and put in your own user sentences.
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago.
Studying: JLPT3

42 3
はんこ ポスト
13 4
Quote
The construction examples are quite misleading though - in meaning #2, they'd stand for "in a cat" and "in a meal", while in the second one "with a cat" (=I did sth using the cat / with the cat) and "with a meal".

I'd suggest some other examples, say: "で" ("in Japan") for the #1, "ナイフで" ("with a knife", like in "I cut the meat with a knife") for #2.
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago. Edited 5+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
Years studied: Too many (not enough!) | Studying:

avatar
32314 1563
はんこ ポスト
37 5741
Quote
Yea - I might need to remove those completely until I can get a fresh list. Right now, if it's a 'noun' in the construction, the same nouns are used regardless of the grammar point; same goes with verbs and adjectives. Let me think on that as to what the best way to continue would be. Thanks!
このメッセージがき! 1
written 5+ years ago.
Years studied: 2 | Studying: N3&N2

avatar
3448 24
はんこ ポスト
17 8
Quote
で also shows the cause (んだ。)
and the material (いすはっています。)
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
Years studied: Too many (not enough!) | Studying:

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32314 1563
はんこ ポスト
37 5741
Quote
Added them. Thanks!!
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
Years studied: Too many (not enough!) | Studying:

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32314 1563
はんこ ポスト
37 5741
Quote
Ah, and the kanji in your first sentence is off:
んだ。
should be
んだ。
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
Years studied: 2 | Studying: N3&N2

avatar
3448 24
はんこ ポスト
17 8
Quote
sorry I wasn't paying attention.
このメッセージがき! 1
written 4+ years ago.
Years studied: 8 | Studying: Kanken 8-7

avatar
4052 126
はんこ ポスト
33 265
Quote
I heard that で is also the て form of nouns and な-adjectives, like when listing multiple occurrences:

さんはちで、かっこよくて、ですね。(Seen here: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/compound)
このメッセージがき! 0
written 4+ years ago.
マイコー Site admin
Years studied: Too many (not enough!) | Studying:

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32314 1563
はんこ ポスト
37 5741
Quote
Quite true - added it! It'll probably also get added when i eventually get around to noun/adjective types, but it definitely also belongs here. Thanks!
このメッセージがき! 0
written 4+ years ago.
Years studied: 3 | Studying: JLPT N3

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3056 183
はんこ ポスト
34 87
Quote
For the second meaning, how would one link い-Adjs with な-Adjs and Nouns?
The い-Adjs use the ーくて, right? So, would this work?
...おいしくてきれいでおもしろいです。
このメッセージがき! 0
written 2+ years ago.
Years studied: 14 | Studying: のため、だから

avatar
66808 1917
はんこ ポスト
39 1975
Quote
absolutely! That works just fine ^.^
このメッセージがき! 1
written 2+ years ago.
Years studied: 3 | Studying: JLPT N3

avatar
3056 183
はんこ ポスト
34 87
Quote
Oh, good!  :D Thank you!
このメッセージがき! 0
written 2+ years ago.