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To finish A; A ends
24
          あとで           
I took a bath after I finished eating breakfast.
14
テレビ           ください  
After you finish watching the TV, please turn it off.
10
                   しました 
After he finished singing, all the guests clapped.
9
この               ください  
If you are finished with the book please give it to him.
6
     この           
After just a bit, I will finish painting this picture.
5
この ペン  使               
After you're done using this pen, give it back to me.

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Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Stem
わる
Basic Examples:
わる (stop running)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


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Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 2
Studying: JLPT4
Level: 1, : 162
I have a question. In this construct, shouldn't 「~おえる」(transitive) be used instead of 「~おわる」(intransitive)? In the same way that 「~はじめる」 is used for "begin + [verb]-ing" construct instead of 「~はじまる」. Or can 「~おわる」 and 「~おえる」 be used interchangeably?
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Studying: Anything and everything.
Level: 44, : 130
Correct me if I'm wrong, but I think in わる's case, it refers to the end of the deed instead of the one finishing something. In other words (I think), it's more common to say "the meal ended" instead of "I finished the meal." Come to think of it, I've rarely heard people use える. Some other alternatives are: and .
1
9 years ago
Studying: N1
Level: 1, : 23
わる is also used as a transitive verb in all Japanese contexts except formal writing... える just doesn't get any love.
2
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 141, : 7,149
Honestly, the only time I hear える being used is when there's some lovely (*sarcasm*) direct translation being done in the English classroom from ' finish + verb '.
2
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 2
Studying: JLPT4
Level: 1, : 162
@BarnovonBaron, @virmaior, @マイコー It seems like another case of an intransitive verb that usually gets translated as a transitive verb (like かる). It turns out that the (transitive) える is rarely used, which I didn't know. At any rate, if the secondary verb 「わる」 keeps the original verb's (in)transitivity intact, that's all I need to know.^^ Thank you for clearing that up for me, everybody!
0
9 years ago



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