Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup


ている

 
Describes a state after the action A takes place.

  1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
  2. A is the subject's customary actions.
  3. A-ing (Progressive tense)
 
9
わすれてたテレビまだいている
Ah, I forgot! The TV is still on.
 
5
あっまだいていますめてください
Ah! The window is still open. Please close it.
 
10
じこすでにかっています
I already know the cause of the accident.
 
11
みちたぬきんでいましたきっとねられたでしょう
A raccoon dog (tanuki) was dead on the street. It must have been hit by a car.
 
14
ちちっています
My father is overweight.
 
20
いもうとしています
My younger sister is married.
 
1
まれてんでいます
She is delighted to have had a child.
 
1
きっとっているからいてみよう
I'm sure he knows, so let's ask him.
 
4
っています
Today's sky is cloudy.
 
0
れていましたです
Yesterday was clear, but today is rainy.
 
0
まだれている
Yesterday's laundry is still wet.
 
0
まだいているはずだ
The lights should still be on.
Sort by:
newest
newest
oldest
comments
すき points


Loading user sentences...


These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

 
1
アメリカにんでいました。
I was living in America last year.
3 (0) (0)
avatar nihonnub - 5774 , 84
 
0
さいんでいます
Now, I am living on a small island.
3 (0) (0)
avatar テリフン - 3056 , 188
Loading user sentences...

Construction
AVerb: て-form+いる
Notes

This usage of ~ている only shows a state, so it cannot show action or motion. Note the time progression that results in the following sentences.

 
11
みちたぬきんでいましたきっとねられたでしょう
A raccoon dog (tanuki) was dead on the street. It must have been hit by a car.

1. (これから)ぬ = きている。 (The dog is still living)
2. にました。 (This is an instantaneous change in state from living to dead)
3. (ずっと/も)んでいる。 (The result of the change still exists, as the dog is still dead)


 
10
じこすでにかっています
I already know the cause of the accident.

1. (これから)かる = からない。 (You don't yet know the cause)
2. かりました。 (This is an instantaneous change in state from not knowing to knowing)
3. (は)かっている。 (You found out and are still in a state of knowing the cause.)



Usages notes (by users)
 
15

The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

Example:
っている。→ ってる。
っています。→ ってます。

All the conjugations are the same, just without the extra い.

っていた。 -> ってた。 It had been raining.
っていない。 -> ってない。It did not rain.
っていなかった。 -> がふってなかった。It had not been raining.
5+ years ago
avatar Kori - 4052 , 139
 
A is the subject's customary actions.

  1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
  2. A is the subject's customary actions.
  3. A-ing (Progressive tense)
 
8
ひまなときいつもインターネットしています
I always use the internet when I have free time.
 
11
わたしCNNニュースています
I watch the CNN news every morning.
 
4
べています
I eat vegetables every day.
 
1
いつもテレビくつろいでいます
I am always relaxing and watching TV.
 
1
この使っています
I have been using this notebook for 2 years.
 
0
バスっている
I ride the bus every day.
 
0
バイトしています
I have a part-time job on Sundays.
Sort by:
newest
newest
oldest
comments
すき points


Loading user sentences...


These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

 
0
このレストランでべている。
Every day I have lunch at this restaurant.
3 (0) (0)
avatar Ioana - 15466 , 298
 
0
までおくっている。
Every day, before going to work, she's bringing her child to the kindergarten.
3 (0) (0)
avatar 恵理子 - 23503 , 371
 
3
そうやっておばっかりんでいるとアルになるぜ。
If you go on drinking (like you always are), (I'm telling you,) you are going to be an alcoholic.
3 (0) (0)
mtsugawa - 820 , 58
 
1
っています
Every morning I run at the park.
3 (0) (0)
avatar nihonnub - 5774 , 84
 
1
ギターしている
I practice on guitar every night.
3 (0) (0)
avatar 鎌鼬くん - 23720 , 63
 
2
している。
I speak in Japanese for one hour every day.
3 (0) (0)
avatar Ses - 9210 , 255
 
1
からのドラマをている。
every night I watch a Drama from Korea.
3 (2) (2)
shirothekiller - 2068 , 132
 
1
ぐらいテレビゲームしています
Everyday I play video games for about 2 hours.
3 (3) (3)
avatar テリフン - 3056 , 188
Loading user sentences...

Construction
AVerb: て-form+いる
Notes

This form of ~ている is often used with repetitive time nouns such as いつも, , , etc.



Usages notes (by users)
 
3

The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

Example:
、いつもインターネットをしている。→ 、いつもインターネットをしてる。
、いつもインターネットをしています。→ 、いつもインターネットをしてます。
5+ years ago
avatar Kori - 4052 , 139
 
A-ing (Progressive tense)

  1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
  2. A is the subject's customary actions.
  3. A-ing (Progressive tense)
 
21
いまべていますからまたあとでをしてください
I'm eating dinner right now, so could you call me back later?
 
5
わたしニューヨークんでいます
I live in New York.
 
11
いもうとめています
My younger sister works for a bank.
 
5
おとうとテレビゲームしています
My brother is playing video games now.
 
3
こちらかっています
The family is heading this way.
 
2
っています
He is running now.
 
1
んでばかりいてをしていません
Lately I've only been playing and not studying.
 
0
っているからあとでします
I'm on the train right now, so I'll call you again later.
 
0
もしもししてる
Hello, what are you doing right now?
Sort by:
newest
newest
oldest
comments
すき points


Loading user sentences...


These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

 
2
このんでいます。
I'm reading this book.
3 (1) (1)
avatar Ioana - 15466 , 298
 
1
しています。
Now, I'm practising Japanese.
3 (0) (0)
avatar kyuuketsuki - 1007 , 32
 
2
っています
I'm wearing a box on my head.
3 (0) (0)
avatar nihonnub - 5774 , 84
 
1
んでいます
Are your studies going well?
3 (0) (0)
avatar 鎌鼬くん - 23720 , 63
Loading user sentences...

Construction
AVerb: て-form+いる
Examples:
たべている (to be eating)

かいている (to be writing)

Notes

This usage of ~ている shows action in progress, that is, actions that do not end after a moment.

 
21
いまべていますからまたあとでをしてください
I'm eating dinner right now, so could you call me back later?

1. (これから)べる = まだべていない。 (I haven't yet eaten)
2. (べている。 (I am in the process of eating)
3. (もう)べた。 (The action of eating is finished)

[/box]
Related Expressions


Usages notes (by users)
 
1

The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

Example:
は、テレビゲームをしている。→ は、テレビゲームをしてる。
は、テレビゲームをしています。→ は、テレビゲームをしてます。
5+ years ago
avatar Kori - 4052 , 139

Discussion about this grammar
: 117, : 2
ポスト : 1, はんこ : 10
In the model sentence 「いもうとは、ぎんでつとめています。」”My younger sister works for a bank", the particle に would read better than で concerning the verb つとめる.  Thus, 「いもうとは、ぎんにつとめています。」
Quote
 
2
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,151, : 1,842
ポスト : 6,627, はんこ : 37
Thanks so much for catching that! Fixed it :)
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 8
Studying : Kanken 8-7
: 4,052, : 139
ポスト : 265, はんこ : 33
The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.
Quote
 
2
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,151, : 1,842
ポスト : 6,627, はんこ : 37
You should stick it in as a 'usage note' so you get credit for it! Since this page has three meanings that would all benefit from your notes, making 3 identical usage notes is completely acceptable.
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 7
Studying :
: 5,806, : 484
ポスト : 471, はんこ : 27
The title on this page itself is fine, but on the main grammar library page, this pattern shows up as てる. Again, I'm aware that いる uses the kanji る, but when combined with て-form, I'm pretty sure it's almost always written in kana.
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,151, : 1,842
ポスト : 6,627, はんこ : 37
Fixed!
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 8
Studying : JLPT N2
: 6,011, : 105
ポスト : 464, はんこ : 23
The first usage reads "Describes a state after the action A takes place." I learned that it was used as a state of being. I am . . . married, short, tall, hot, cold. Is that right?
Quote
 
0
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,151, : 1,842
ポスト : 6,627, はんこ : 37
The first case (married), occurs after something takes place (marriage). Could you give me an example of those other states you gave, used in ている form?
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 8
Studying : JLPT N2
: 6,011, : 105
ポスト : 464, はんこ : 23
When I learned them the first time, I guess it was things like marriage, death, etc. I think maybe I just hadn't connected the two. Thanks for asking :)
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,151, : 1,842
ポスト : 6,627, はんこ : 37
Definitely look under the 'notes' section on that first meaning - The way it shows the three 'stages' of an action (like dying) made it really clear for me when I first read it :)
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 6
Studying : N2
: 2,025, : 128
ポスト : 33, はんこ : 29
Just noticed a typo- "Progessive tense" should be "Progressive tense".
Quote
 
1
4+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,151, : 1,842
ポスト : 6,627, はんこ : 37
Thanks so much! Fixed it.
Quote
 
1
4+ years ago.

Years studied : 1 month
Studying : N5
: 2, : 0
ポスト : 1, はんこ : 4
ありがとうございます :D :D
Quote
 
0
1 year ago.

avatar
Years studied : Since summer 2012
Studying : Grammar N5, Kanji N5-N3
: 2,939, : 54
ポスト : 55, はんこ : 29
I just came across another usage of ている-form as a description of constante state (not action, as in the examples above). I don't think this usage is covered by the explanations above so I'll put it down here.

ている-form in this case describes the constant state of things, the way they were from the very beginning.
 For example "はクラウデぃア・シファーにています" She looks like Claudia Schiffer (she did't start looking like Schiffer two days ago, but she always looked like her).
このがっています。  This street has a turn (?? not sure  how to put this in English). Here again, this street has always been this way and didn't get this turn in the course of time.

So far though, I came across only two verbs that can be used in this way. Probably someone else here knows more of them?
Quote
 
0
1 year ago. Edited 1 year ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,151, : 1,842
ポスト : 6,627, はんこ : 37
If fits under the first definition, except that the first one is a bit too restrictive and doesn't allow these examples. The second one actually does fit in - whoever made the road originally curved it during construction (the action), leaving it in a curved state.

ています....that one doesn't, though. Let me think on it.
Quote
 
0
1 year ago.