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At A, in A
Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.

  1. At A, in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A, Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
 
11
するです
My dream is to mingle at a mixed-gender Japanese onsen.
 
11
パリキスしました
I kissed my girlfriend in Paris.
 
10
コンビニきました
During summer vacation, I worked at a convenience store.
 
6
スーパーかしいいました
I met a dear friend of mine at a supermarket nearby.
 
3
スカウトされました
I was scouted in Shibuya, Tokyo.
 
1
ここでギャグしたいいます!
I'd like to do a joke now (here)!
 
-2
あそこおしゃべりなっていました
We became engrossed in our conversation over there.
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Construction
ANoun (location)+
Examples:
レストランべる (eat at a restaurant)

Notes
Shows where A takes place


Usages notes (by users)
 
15

In this grammar pattern with places, in contrast with using に (where the verb is usually only passive or showing existence), when using で there needs to be an action taking place. For example レストランにいます (I am at the restaurant) vs レストランでべています (I am eating at the restaurant).
5+ years ago
avatar mysticfive - 73141 , 2153
 
0

Compare also to the use of に as a place marker (like in む).
6+ years ago
jacekh - 42 , 3
 
For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)

  1. At A, in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A, Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
 
1
このんでさい
Please read this book in three days.
 
1
100います
There are people who read over a hundred books a month.
 
1
この宿えるです
I plan on finishing this homework in an hour.
 
1
ほたるんでしまいます
Fireflies emerge into the open and die after a few days.
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3
しなさい
Study English for 3 hours. (Command)
3 (0) (0)
avatar テリフン - 3056 , 188
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Construction
ANoun (length/amount)+
Examples:
(for 4 years)



Usages notes (by users)
 
0

When used with time, it has the nuance of "over the course of (and no longer)"
e.g. った。It took (me) 2 years to learn Japanese.
7 months ago
avatar IJamLegend - 1526 , 32
 
3

In general, で indicates scope when it follows quantity words. In addition to the 'length of time' usage, it is also often used to indicate how much something costs:


500える ----- books that can be bought for 500 yen

If で follows other counter words, it identifies that number of objects or people as the amount included:

った ---- went to the beach as a group of four people

で2500 ---- five books for 2500 yen
4+ years ago
avatar guest
 
12

When using a length of time, that's the duration of the action, not "after (period of time), the action will occur".

(incorrect) でアメリカにきます > I will go to America in 5 months.
(ok!) でアメリカにいました. > I was in America for 5 months.

(incorrect) かけます > I will leave in an hour.
(correct) (ご)でかけます> I will leave after an hour.
5+ years ago
avatar マイコー (Site admin) - 34512 , 1923
 
Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A

  1. At A, in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A, Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
 
7
べました
I ate sashimi with chopsticks.
 
4
テレビました
Yesterday、I saw a movie on TV at my house.
 
8
したいです
I want to talk to my Japanese friends using the Japanese language.
 
1
こんにちはってもらいました
I had (them) take me by car today.
 
2
までこういます
I think i will go to Kyoto by car.
 
1
します
I talk to her in Japanese.
 
3
あなたいていました
I heard about you from talking with my father.
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Construction
ANoun (Object)++BAction
Examples:
いく (go by train)



Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.
 
Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of

  1. At A, in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A, Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
There are no approved example sentences.
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Construction
ANoun (Material)+
Examples:
できた (made of wood)



Usages notes (by users)
 
9

で is used when the material something is made of is obvious. When the materials are not obvious, から is used instead.
When the statement is about something specific, the verb form できている is used, whereas for generic statements できる is used.
E.g.
そのでできている。 This box is made of wood.
でできる。 Swords are made of steel.
からできる。 Paper is made from wood.
このワインはカシスからできている。 This wine is made from black currant.
4+ years ago
avatar alekth - 6308 , 73
 
Because of A, Due to A

  1. At A, in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A, Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
There are no approved example sentences.
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Construction
ANoun+
Examples:
(because of snow)

Aな-adjective+
Examples:
(because (it's) unhygenic)

Aい-adjective- い+くて
Examples:
しくて (because (I'm) busy)



Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.
 
Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns

  1. At A, in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A, in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A, Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A, Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
 
0
He is strong and healthy.
 
0
さん
Ms. Yamada is a kind and beautiful person.
 
0
あるらしい
The church in the outskirts of town is grand and wonderful.
 
0
パレードまるやかでやかになる
When the parade starts the streets become lively and spectacular!
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Construction
ANoun
Aな-adjective
+
Examples:
きれい (clean and wide)



Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years studied : 1
: 332, : 4
ポスト : 11, はんこ : 10
There is also another way to use で。It means that you did something using another thing. Ex:

I'll read it with (using) a dictionary -> む。
I came from school by car -> からた。
Quote
 
1
6+ years ago. Edited 6+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,512, : 1,923
ポスト : 6,803, はんこ : 37
Thanks, added it. I'll add some model sentences later, but you can go ahead and put in your own user sentences.
Quote
 
1
6+ years ago.

Studying : JLPT3
: 42, : 3
ポスト : 4, はんこ : 13
The construction examples are quite misleading though - in meaning #2, they'd stand for "in a cat" and "in a meal", while in the second one "with a cat" (=I did sth using the cat / with the cat) and "with a meal".

I'd suggest some other examples, say: "で" ("in Japan") for the #1, "ナイフで" ("with a knife", like in "I cut the meat with a knife") for #2.
Quote
 
1
6+ years ago. Edited 6+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,512, : 1,923
ポスト : 6,803, はんこ : 37
Yea - I might need to remove those completely until I can get a fresh list. Right now, if it's a 'noun' in the construction, the same nouns are used regardless of the grammar point; same goes with verbs and adjectives. Let me think on that as to what the best way to continue would be. Thanks!
Quote
 
1
6+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 2
Studying : N3&N2
: 3,448, : 26
ポスト : 8, はんこ : 17
で also shows the cause (んだ。)
and the material (いすはっています。)
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,512, : 1,923
ポスト : 6,803, はんこ : 37
Added them. Thanks!!
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,512, : 1,923
ポスト : 6,803, はんこ : 37
Ah, and the kanji in your first sentence is off:
んだ。
should be
んだ。
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 2
Studying : N3&N2
: 3,448, : 26
ポスト : 8, はんこ : 17
sorry I wasn't paying attention.
Quote
 
1
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 8
Studying : Kanken 8-7
: 4,109, : 146
ポスト : 265, はんこ : 34
I heard that で is also the て form of nouns and な-adjectives, like when listing multiple occurrences:

さんはちで、かっこよくて、ですね。(Seen here: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/compound)
Quote
 
0
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : Too many (not enough!)
Studying :
Site admin : 34,512, : 1,923
ポスト : 6,803, はんこ : 37
Quite true - added it! It'll probably also get added when i eventually get around to noun/adjective types, but it definitely also belongs here. Thanks!
Quote
 
0
5+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 3
Studying : JLPT N3
: 3,056, : 188
ポスト : 87, はんこ : 34
For the second meaning, how would one link い-Adjs with な-Adjs and Nouns?
The い-Adjs use the ーくて, right? So, would this work?
...おいしくてきれいでおもしろいです。
Quote
 
0
3+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 15
Studying : のため、だから
: 73,141, : 2,153
ポスト : 2,166, はんこ : 39
absolutely! That works just fine ^.^
Quote
 
1
3+ years ago.

avatar
Years studied : 3
Studying : JLPT N3
: 3,056, : 188
ポスト : 87, はんこ : 34
Oh, good!  :D Thank you!
Quote
 
0
3+ years ago.