Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test


 
To finish/complete A

  1. To finish/complete A
  2. To finish A, A is finished, A occurs (shows embarrassment / regret / disappointment over the action A)
  3. To put away A
7
宿   やってしまう まで  テレビ      けません  
Don't watch TV until you finish your homework.
9
    いてしまいました   
Have you finished writing your composition?
4
  まで には それ   えてしまいたかった     
I hoped to have finished it by this week.
7
もう 宿    ませてしまった  です   
Have you finished your homework already?
2
レポート   わらせてしまった       
It'd be a good idea to finish up the report.
-2
7  まで    してしまおう  
Let's finish the cleaning by seven.

Getting the sentences
Construction
AVerb: て-form+しまう
Examples:
べてしまう (finish eating)

AVerb: て-form- て+ちゃう
Examples:
わっちゃう (to finish)

AVerb: て-form- で+じゃう
Examples:
んじゃう (to finish reading)

Usage

The ちゃう and じゃう suffixes are casual contractions of てしまう and でしまう, respesctively.

If the て-form of the verb ends in て, it will contract to ちゃう.

Examples
たべ > たべちゃう (to eat)
まけ > まけちゃう (to lose)

If the て-form of the verb ends in で, it will contract to じゃう.

Examples
しん > しんじゃう (to die)
のん > のんじゃう (to drink)
Related Expressions


Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.
 
To finish A, A is finished, A occurs (shows embarrassment / regret / disappointment over the action A)

  1. To finish/complete A
  2. To finish A, A is finished, A occurs (shows embarrassment / regret / disappointment over the action A)
  3. To put away A
かし  した から ぼうしてしまった  
I overslept because I stayed up late.
-3
       ってきた のに  30    わって しまった  
I thought it had been a while, and yet it was over in 30 seconds.
6
  できず   ばかやろう    んでしまった  
I couldn't hold it and screamed 'You idiot!'
5
アッ  バス   ってしまう  
There goes our bus.
9
        くなってしまった  
After two days our food ran out.
5
   あまり        なってしまった  
I was so nervous that my face turned pale.
6
   この       だった っけ   れてしまった   
Oi, what's this fish called again? I seem to have forgotten it.
8
            まって しまいました  
This morning when I went to the company, my car stopped.
5
UFO  すぐに  えなく なってしまった  
We lost sight of UFO right away.
1
すっかり    ちてしまった   
The sun has set completely.

Getting the sentences
Construction
AVerb: て-form+しまう
Examples:
ってしまう (to have lost (regretfully))

AVerb: て-form- て+ちゃう
Examples:
べちゃう (to have eaten (regretfully))

AVerb: て-form- で+じゃう
Examples:
んじゃう (to have died (sadly))

Usage

The ちゃう and じゃう suffixes are casual contractions of てしまう and でしまう, respesctively.

If the て-form of the verb ends in て, it will contract to ちゃう.

Examples
たべ > たべちゃう (to eat)
まけ > まけちゃう (to lose)

If the て-form of the verb ends in で, it will contract to じゃう.

Examples
しん > しんじゃう (to die)
のん > のんじゃう (to drink)


Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.
 
To put away A

  1. To finish/complete A
  2. To finish A, A is finished, A occurs (shows embarrassment / regret / disappointment over the action A)
  3. To put away A
6
  をしまって おきなさい  
Put away your wallet.
5
だから   その  をしまった  
So I put the book away.
2
あの   どこ  しまった  だろう  
Where did I put that book?
1
かご  リモコン  しまっていて   
Go ahead and put the remote into the basket, ok?
2
     しまいましょう  
Let's put the shoes in the shoebox.

Getting the sentences
Construction
ANoun++しまう
Examples:
しまう (put a book away)



Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years studied : 9
Studying : への、ビジネス
: 4,203, : 210
ポスト : 269, はんこ : 107
Colloquially, ~てしまう is contracted to ~ちゃう、and ~でしまう is contracted to ~じゃう. Both contractions conjugate like verbs. Example:

ごめん、宿れちゃった。Sorry, I accidentally forgot my homework.
んじゃった。 Our cat died yesterday.
したがいい、れちゃうんで。It would be better if I studied, because I will forget how to speak Japanese.

Regardless of the correctness in my sentences, you can probably get the idea. :P
Quote
0
10+ years ago. Edited 10+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
Thanks! I didn't have a chance to add the sentences, so please enter those in yourself as your own sentences.
Quote
0
10+ years ago.
avatar
Years studied : 3
Studying : JLPT 2
: 4,099, : 95
ポスト : 136, はんこ : 86
~ちゃいます・~ちゃいました is also possible, as a contraction of ~てしまいます・~てしまいました。
Quote
0
10+ years ago.
avatar
Years studied : 3
Studying : JLPT 2
: 4,099, : 95
ポスト : 136, はんこ : 86
Something screwy with the comment system, tried to edit it and my comment disappeared, but reappeared on page refresh.

Anyways, I meant to mention that the ~ちゃいます・ちゃいました form is rarely heard, as if you're being formal enough to use ます・ました, you're probably going to un-contract them, but it is still valid.
Quote
0
10+ years ago.
Studying : JLPT 2
: 1,910, : 51
ポスト : 94, はんこ : 46
If you use noun + を + しまう, it means to finish using something and put it away:

もうをしまったよ。I already put the kimono away.
Quote
0
10+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
Alright, added!
Quote
1
10+ years ago.
: 1,919, : 73
ポスト : 108, はんこ : 56
You can also use ~う with the meaning that a store or business closes for good.

for example:

げはべって75パーセントったので、うのがない。
Quote
1
10+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
This would be a good usage note for the second meaning on the page - why don't you add that in there so you get credit for it :)
Quote
0
10+ years ago.
avatar
Years studied : 4
Studying : JLPT 3
: 9,217, : 276
ポスト : 16, はんこ : 109
The second meaning first construction example just says 「わる」 instead of 「わっちゃう」.
Quote
1
8+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
Fixed it, thanks!
Quote
0
8+ years ago.
avatar
Years studied : 3
Studying : JLPT N3
: 3,056, : 267
ポスト : 87, はんこ : 83
How would one tell the differences between having finished something, and having finished something regretfully? ごはんをべちゃった。(I regret eating the rice) んじゃう (I read the book) Would it be based on the context?
Quote
0
8+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
Yea, definitely the context.
Quote
1
8+ years ago.
avatar
Years studied : 1.5
Studying : N1
: 7,344, : 49
ポスト : 34, はんこ : 118
It sould be 「てう」 With forced kanji it shows 「て
Quote
0
6+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
Where specifically is it showing that?
Quote
0
6+ years ago.
avatar
Years studied : 1.5
Studying : N1
: 7,344, : 49
ポスト : 34, はんこ : 118
The title. https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-Ysc17j7SE3Y/UvBAiMcDy5I/AAAAAAAAAFU/bUJUhnFnqXg/w645-h543-no/screen.tiff
Quote
0
6+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
I actually just wiped the kanji out altogether :)
Quote
0
6+ years ago.
: 2, : 0
ポスト : 1, はんこ : 8
need more explanation....... :)
Quote
0
5+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 41,009, : 3,527
ポスト : 9,789, はんこ : 139
Which meaning are you having problems understanding?
Quote
0
5+ years ago.



Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.