Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup



 
Casual, present (non-past) positive form of A

  1. Casual, present (non-past) positive form of A
  2. Casual, present (non-past) negative form of A
Register or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Casual Verbs!
5
  パン   べる  
He eats bread.
3
        
I read manga every day.
5
もうすぐ   くれる  
The day will get dark very soon.

Getting the sentences
Construction: Present, casual (positive)
The present casual positive form is exactly the same as the dictionary form of the verb. as you can see from the conjugation chart, there is no change in any of the forms.
Dict. Form
Conjugated
げる
げる
Dict. Form
Conjugated
そぐ
そぐ


Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.
 
Casual, present (non-past) negative form of A

  1. Casual, present (non-past) positive form of A
  2. Casual, present (non-past) negative form of A
Register or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Casual Verbs!
6
      から      かない  
The child is sick and won't go to school.

Getting the sentences
1. Determine if it's a godan or ichidan verb
How do I determine the type of the verb?
2. Conjugating the verbs
Godan verbs
1. Change the last character from it's 'u' form to the 'a' form.
(it's easier to see these forms if the characters are also written in romaji.)
む (mu) => ま (ma)
す (su) => さ (sa)
う (u) => わ (wa)
ぬ (nu) => な (na)
つ (tsu) => た (ta)
ぶ (bu) => ば (ba)
く (ku) => か (ka)
ぐ (gu) => が (ga)
る (ru) => ら (ra)
Ichidan verbs
1. Remove the る from the end of the verb.

Special cases
1a. する (to do) is changed to し.
1b. くる (to come) is changed to こ.
1c. ある (to be) is changed to ない.


2. Add ない to make the negative form.
Conjugation examples
Let's conjugate the godan verb く/かく (to write):
Examples
Before we start: かく
1. か -> か
2. かか -> かかない (don't write)

Now let's conjugate the verb べる/たべる (to eat), which is an ichidan verb:
Examples
Before we start: たべる
1. たべ -> たべ
2. たべ -> たべない (don't eat)


Usages notes (by users)
No usage notes have been added. Logged-in users can add usage notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years studied : 4
Studying : JLPT N1
Grammar mod. : 24,695, : 439
ポスト : 556, はんこ : 146
I think く should be かかない instead of かきない in the example.
Quote
4
9+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 40,154, : 3,354
ポスト : 9,471, はんこ : 138
Whoops, thanks for catching the typo!
Quote
3
9+ years ago.
guest
KOol
Quote
1
7+ years ago.
avatar
: 161, : 4
ポスト : 24, はんこ : 37

There is another exception for the negatives: ある becomes ない

Quote
2
2+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 40,154, : 3,354
ポスト : 9,471, はんこ : 138

Added it!

Quote
2
2+ years ago.
avatar
Studying : For N4/N3
: 2,016, : 2
ポスト : 4, はんこ : 92

Not sure if this belongs here, but a grammar quiz question (about casual present negative) had "べられない" for "I can't eat [any more]". Is this correct? The internet says this might be a form that means "to be inedible"? Was this a goof in a user sentence?

Quote
0
2+ years ago.
avatar
Site admin
: 40,154, : 3,354
ポスト : 9,471, はんこ : 138

It's a sentence that is probably a bit too high level for that quiz. It is not only this form, but also the potential form べられる - which means "to be able to eat/can eat" - so it does mean "can't eat", or "unable to eat" - it could mean that it is inedible, or perhaps something you cannot eat because of a personal choice or an allergy.


That being said, we are currently making a brand new batch of N5 quiz questions to better fit the difficulty level in the actual N5 test.

Quote
1
2+ years ago.



Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.