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renshuu schedule packs > N5 Grammar pack
N5 grammar ordered by difficulty - perfect for adding to a schedule!
Made by マイコー

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1. A has B
B is an inanimate object or abstract thing (event, idea, etc.) . It cannot be used for people or animals.
         ある  
She has cooking skills.
1. There is/are A
A is a person or animal. Cannot be used for things.
        いる  
There's a dog and their pup at the park.
1. There is/are A
A is an inanimate object or abstract thing (event, idea, etc.) . It cannot be used for people or animals.
テーブル  りんご  ある  
There is an apple on the table.
1. Please give me A
       べたい から  カレー  ください  
I want to eat spicy food, so give me curry please.
1. Polite, present form of verb A
     には  ません  
Today, I cannot attend the meeting.
1. A and B (and C,etc..)
Gives a complete list. The final と may be omitted.
この パン   こっち  ケーキ  どちらも  べたい です  
I want to eat both this bread and this cake.
1. A or B
Shows a pair of choices between two objects, descriptions, or actions.
            きたい  
I want to travel to Kyoto or Osaka.
1. Forms the question form of the sentence A
  さん     ですか  
Is Grandma doing well?
1. At A; in A
Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
   スーパー   かしい     いました  
I met a dear friend of mine at a supermarket nearby.
1. In A; on A; at A
Used when describing the existence/presence of something.
        います  
There is a cute cat in my room.
1. A is the direct object of a transitive verb
ミルク   みなさい  
Drink the milk!
1. A's B (shows possession)
   パソコン     
Her computer is old.
1. A non-exact amount A; Around/about A
When used with question pronouns, means "around how much/many/etc".
  くらい  カップラーメン  できる   
You can make cup ramen in about three minutes.
1. I think A; Probably A
         でしょう  
Probably they will come by car.
1. Please do A
もう    ゆっくり  って ください  
Would you say it slowly again please?
1. Please don't do A
          べない   さい  
Please do not eat food in the classroom.
1. Let's A (together, polite); Would you like to A; Won't you A?
         ませんか  
Would you like to see a movie together tomorrow?
1. A-ing (Progressive tense)
   こちら   かって います  
The family is heading this way.
1. Before A (occurs/happens), B
  める   ストレッチ  して ください  
Please stretch before you begin to work out.
1. A and B (shows a non-exhaustive list of items)
Implies that there are more in the list than are given in the sentence.
      ピーマン  にんじん   いだ  
Many children hate green peppers and carrots.
1. Polite, past form of verb A
そのように     けていました  
That's how it was explained to me.
1. After A
     わった あとで      りました  
I took a bath after I finished eating breakfast.
1. From A, Since A
Marks the source (time or place) A where an action began.
 から    っています  
It's been snowing since yesterday.
1. To become A
       みすぎる       なる  
When she drinks too much alcohol, her face turns completely red.
1. To change into A
     から    です  
The change is for the meeting to start from five.
1. I want A
        しかったです  
When I was a child, I wanted a horse
1. A still exists; still doing A; A is still occuring
  まだ 4  ある  
There are still four peaches.
1. Marks the subject A in the sentence
すみません        りました  
I'm sorry; I broke the plate.
1. Not very A; doesn't do A very much (only a little)
Shows a very small degree/amount of a noun, adjective, or action.
この ラーメン  あまり おいしくない    
This ramen isn't very delicious..
1. To choose A (when ordering/choosing)
コーヒー  どんな   しましょう     ブラック  いい です   
How do you like your coffee? Strong and black?
1. Nothing/no one/nobody (A)
A is the question term such as nothing, no one, nowhere, etc (だれ+も = no one, なに+も = nothing). This is followed by a negative statement B that links to A
  もなく      りました  
I (they) returned safely without incident.
1. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
         
He is strong and healthy.
1. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  まで    こう   います  
I think i will go to Kyoto by car.
1. With A; to A
A is often a person, shows a action/state shared by 2 people/things
        きました  
I went to a movie with him.
1. Some A; Any A (somebody, somewhere, sometime, somehow, etc.)
だれか     んでいる ようだ  
It seems like someone is calling me.
1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
       まれて  んでいます  
She is delighted to have had a child.
1. While A, B
Both actions A and B are occuring at the same time. Emphasis is placed on the second action (B) in the sentence.
すごい    さん  ジャンプ  しながら  います  
Wow! Mr. Tanaka is jumping while he sings.
1. Casual, present (non-past) positive form of A
  パン   べる  
He eats bread.
1. Casual, present (non-past) negative form of A
      から      かない  
The child is sick and won't go to school.
1. Casual, past negative form of A
パーティー   かなかった  
I didn't go to the party.
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