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If A
22
                 
If you want to know, you should ask her directly about it.
10
これら               ください  
If these days are not convenient for you, please let us know.
12
     どんな  でも いい です   
If it is interesting, any book will do.
7
             する でしょう  
If you keep trying, you will make progress.
20
                       
If foreigners want to drive in Japan, an international driver's license is needed.
6
この        なければ よい のに  
If only there were no wars in the world.

Getting the sentences
These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

avatar
Natsu
Level: 5
(10 years ago)
になれば
The sakura flowers in front of the house will bloom if it is spring.
0
6
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Natsu
Level: 5
(10 years ago)
たくさんべればたりんです
If you eat a lot, you will definitely become fat.
0
6
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Natsu
Level: 5
(10 years ago)
ればしろという
If my dad sees my face, he will say "study".
0
4
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Natsu
Level: 5
(10 years ago)
もしさければきいえます
I will exchange for a big one if it small.
0
6
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Natsu
Level: 5
(10 years ago)
よければきましょう
Let's go flower viewing if the weather is good this Sunday.
0
5
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Natsu
Level: 5
(10 years ago)
すればになれるだろう
You will be able to become a rich person if you marry him.
0
5
avatar
Avi Drucker
Level: 3
(10 years ago)
すればいい
Do you think it would be good if I studied grammer?
0
8
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Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
for positive forms
ANoun
あれば
Basic Examples:
キリンであれば (if it's a giraffe)

Aい-adjective
-い
ければ
Basic Examples:
ければ (if it's red)

AVerb: ~ば (Conditional)
Dict. Form
Conjugated
げる
げれば
せば
えば
けば
れば
ねば
Dict. Form
Conjugated
れば
てば
べば
めば
そぐ
そげば
れば
Basic Examples:
できれば (if (I) can)

Aな-adjective
あれば
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
for negative forms
ANoun
じゃ
なければ
Basic Examples:
くもじゃなければ (if it's not a spider)

Aい-adjective: ない form
-い
ければ
Basic Examples:
おいしくなければ (if it's not delicious)

Aな-adjective
じゃ
なければ
Basic Examples:
じゃなければ (if it's not quiet)

AVerb: ない form
-い
ければ
Basic Examples:
(かなければ) (if I don't walk)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
28
A + ば, B
Meanings when B is non-past:
"If (and only if) A, B"
"If one does something, B state/event will be brought"
"If A state, one will do something or event will be brought"

Meanings when B is past:
"If A had happened, B could / would have happened"

Functions:
- Describe what will happen or what one will do under a hypothesized state or situation.
- Describe what would have happened or could have happened under a hypothesized state or situation.

Rules:
A can be volitional or non-volitional.
B can be volitional only if A is non-volitional.
(This means B can be a volitional action, desire, command, request, invitation, suggestion, or advice--only if A is not.)
(When both A and B are volitional, use ~たら.)

Examples:
1. A non-volitional, B volitional: implies a lack of choice
がよければ、シカゴへあそびにこうとっています。
If the weather is good tomorrow, I think I might go hang out in Chicago.


2. A non-volitional, B non-volitional: usually used in past tense "would/could have"
このページをめば、このえがかります。
If I was able to read this page, I could solve this problem.
(Maybe I can't see the page clearly, or I can't read the words.)

べ、となりのかならば、ねむくなかった。
Last night if it had been quiet next door, I wouldn't be so sleepy now.


3. A volitional, B non-volitional: expresses a desired outcome
宿をすれば、あそびにいきます。
Only if I study today will I go have fun tomorrow.
12 years ago
avatar solostyle - Level 1

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 912, : 4,997
the Basic Constuction only has the constuction listed for negative verbs, but then has the list for making positive conditional verbs - it might be less confusing to have a seperate constuction for the positive verbs as well.
3
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
Yea, this page definitely needs a healthy bit of reorganizing. The thing with the verbs is that it looks funny because the negative form is simply a modification of a (by the time you learn this) well known form (ない), where the positive form is a 'new construction'.
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 912, : 4,997
there still isn't an actual construction for positive verbs, just the box for it (and there's an extra 'model bits' box for me under the い adjectives...)
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
Yea - in cases like this (there aren't too many of them left), the 'actual construction' is just the conjugation box.

(For you) - the extra model bits that is sitting there is for the conjugation box.
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 912, : 4,997
gotcha
0
11 years ago
guest
cloud > kumo
spider > kumo
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
Fixed, thanks!
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 12
Studying: N2
Level: 100, : 349
You can also use ならば instead of であれば。
2
10 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
This will probably fit better on the なら page, so I'll add it on there!
0
10 years ago
avatar
Years Studied:
Studying: Going wherever my class takes me for now!
Level: 1, : 110

"The positive な adjective cannot be used with this form; please check the なら page. An additional form for positive nouns is also on that page." The link to the なら page is broken.

2
7 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629

Fixed, thanks!

0
7 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 9
Studying:
Level: 5, : 239

Could someone explain ~ればとう?

0
6 years ago
avatar
Level: 823, : 324

From what I can find, ~ればとう is not a seperate construction, but instead just represents an incomplete sentence (where some part has been intentionally omitted).

For instance, くならなければと has "I think that" (とう) combined with "I have to" (なければだめ without the だめ) to produce "I think that I have to be strong".

In って、いてくれればと, "I think that" (とう) is paired with "it would be good if" (ればいい without the いい) to mean something like "I hope", as in "I hope he will see me and listen to my future plans".

0
6 years ago
Years Studied: Since Nov 2018
Studying: JLPT N3
Level: 1, : 17
"The positive な adjective cannot be used with this form; please check the なら page." 
なadj +であれば/なければ(negative) - isn't this how you conjugate it? please someone inform me. 
0
4 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
No, I do not believe it is possible. A quick search pulled this up - http://www.coelang.tufs.ac.jp/... - you can see towards the middle that な adjectives get left out altogether.

Unfortunately, I am on vacation at the moment so I cannot look at my other reference materials and give you a more defined answer.
1
4 years ago



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