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JLPT N4 / Intermediate > Grammar for Jumble Quizzes
Includes 43 expressions
Made by マイコー

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かた
1. How to A; Way/style of A
           から    
The way to read a Japanese comic is from right to left.
やすい
1. A is easy to do
    いつでも              
For Japanese people, it's always easier to use chopsticks when they eat.
おわる
1. To finish A; A ends
          あとで           
I took a bath after I finished eating breakfast.
より
1. A is C-er than B; A is more C than B (comparison).
ピカチュー  あなた より   いい みたい  なぁ  
It seems like Pikachu is smarter than you.
より
1. A is not as C as B
あっち  ラーメン   この  より       
That ramen place is not as expensive as this place.
てもいい
1. It is alright to A; the subject may A; it's alright if A (condition)
そう    なくてもいい   
You don't have to worry so much.
てしまう
1. To finish/complete A
              
Have you finished writing your composition?
てしまう
1. A occurs (shows embarrassment / regret / disappointment over the action A)
                 
After two days our food ran out.
ておく
1. To do A in advance; do A as preparation for something else
(used with transitive verbs)
あなた        めて        
I will write down your name and address.
なくてはいけない
1. Must do A; have to A
だけど          わなくちゃいけない  ・・・  
But I have an appointment with my client tomorrow.
ないがいい
1. It would be better to not A
         ので       いい  
She's angry right now, so it's better to not speak to her.
ことがある
1. There are times when A (occurs/exists)
その      とても よい      する こと  ある  
Those two get along very well, but there are times when they have big fights.
んです
1. The reason/explanation is A
              でも       んです  
I've gotten (understand) your feelings, but I'm married.
んですが
1. Introduces a request, invitation, or asking for permission
The actual request may not be stated, and is implied by stating some problem or issue (with the request being to fix the problem).
この            です   
This vending machine isn't working.
そうだ
1. A is spoken by/heard from someone/something else
    レッド ソックス      そう   
Did you hear? (I heard) The Red Sox won yesterday!
1. A is a question within the sentence
この パーティー  いつ               
Let's try asking a friend when this party is.
かどうか
1. Whether or not A
あの            どう          
Even if I look at that child's face, I don't know if the child is a boy or not.
すぎる
1. Too much A; A is excessive
この カレー   すぎて        
This curry is too spicy; I can't eat it!
にいく
1. Go (somewhere) in order to A
          ので よく               
There are hardly any stores in my town, so I often go to Tokyo to shop.
にくる
1. Come (here) in order to A
        くれた   ありがとう         
You came to help me? Thanks a lot!
にかえる
1. Return (home) in order to A
                       
There are a lot of college students who return home during winter holiday to see their families.
Causative
1. Make (somebody) A, this is coercive or forced onto the object of the sentence.
     いや      やった ので                 
No, mom! I did it last week, so make (my) brother clean up this time.
ことが
1. Be able to A; can do A
あなた  おかげで         こと  できました  
Thanks to your help, I was able to finish early.
ことが
1. Can A; be possible to A (possibility of the subject to do A)
   という           でも      こと  できる  
If you buy an all-you-can-ride ticket, it's possible to ride the train as many times as you like.
より~のが~
1. B is more C than A
この    より その バイク        
That motorbike is cooler than this bicycle.
と~と、どちらが~
1. Which is more C; A or B
これ  あれ     どちら     です   
Which is cheaper, this or that?
ていく
1. To get to A
Shows a change over time
しゅじゅつ      ので  これから           
The surgery is finished, so the pain will begin to disappear.
Conditional Form
1. If A
                       
If foreigners want to drive in Japan, an international driver's license is needed.
でも
1. Any A (anywhere, anybody, anytime, etc.)
いつでも それ  使   ください  
You may use it any time.
ござる/ございます
1. ござる is the polite form of ある.
    いくつ ございます   
How much baggage do you have?
でござる/でございます
1. でござる is the polite form of である.
    ございます  
This is the operator.
ちゃ、~じゃ
1. ちゃ is a casual form of ては
      なくちゃ  
I have to prepare for the test.
ちゃ、~じゃ
1. じゃ is a casual form of では
いや  それじゃ だめ    になる ように       
No, that's not the right way. You have to turn it the other way round.
Humble verbs
1. Humble form of A
   カード       バッグ      
I borrowed my husband's credit card and bought a bag.
Humble verbs
1. Humble form of する verbs
   なら            
As to the library I'll show you (there).
Respectful verbs
1. Respectful form of A
There are several words which do not use the above conjugations, but have special respectful forms. These are given below:
Regular Form Respectful Form
る/みる になる/ごらんになる
る/しる /ごぞんじ
く/いく いらっしゃる
る/くる いらっしゃる
る/いる いらっしゃる
くれる さる/くださる
う/いう おっしゃる
く/いく おいでになる
く/ゆく おいでになる
る/いる おいでになる
べる/たべる がる/めしあがる
む/のむ がる/めしあがる
る/くる おいでになる
する なさる
さぁ        ください  
Alright, please eat!
をしまう
1. To put away A
  をしまって おきなさい  
Put away your wallet.
1. To do A together/mutually
アラン     くの      みつめ     
Alan and I looked at one another for a while.
どうしても
1. No matter what, A; by any means necessary A
それ  どうしても   できない  
I can not stomach it.
1. Used with passive verbs to identify who/what is doing the action
  よく                
Sakiko was often called and scolded by the teacher.
てくれてありがとう
1. Thank you for doing A
               くれて ありがとう  
Thank you for coming to my birthday party today.
1. (not) Even A
The negative form is made when the pattern is followed by a negative verb.
     だけでなく              
Everyone was surprised because Takada is good at not just singing but drawing as well.
しか~ない
1. Only A; no more than A
すみません         しか       んです けど  
Sorry, I only have a Japanese (-language) business card.
て/で
1. Because of A; Due to A
すみません             
Sorry, the train was late because of the snow.
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