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test
 


Must do A; have to A
27
    ある        しなければ ならない 
There's a test tomorrow, so I need to stay up all night and study.
31
                   なりません  
You need to buy a ticket before you enter the movie theatre.
19
                        ならない  
My mother is drunk, so I have to clean up all by myself.
14
あなた  その             ならない  
You've got to answer for the outcome.
7
あなた  すぐ 宿   しなければ ならない  
You must do your homework at once.
14
あなた               ならない  
You have to protect your family.
12
あなた            ならない 
You must study your entire life.
14
       ならない  
I have to buy one tomorrow.
10
          ならない  
You must come back before nine o'clock.
6
  この         ならない     
I need to get off at this station.
9
       しなければ ならない    また          
I need to hurry and do some shopping, so let's talk again another time.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: ない form
-い
ければ
ならない
Basic Examples:
まなければならない (must rest)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
Level: 34
(9 years ago)
Other ways to express obligation:

~なくてはならない
~なくてはいけない

~ないといけない
~ないとならない

~ねばならない
~ねばいけない
5
avatar
Sairen
Level: 1
(14 years ago)
An even more impolite way is to omit the ならない or いけない and just なれれば respectively なきゃ.
6
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Wallace
Level: 1
(15 years ago)
A contracted, more casual form of this pattern is なきゃならない and an even more casual form is なきゃんない
9
avatar
Wallace
Level: 1
(15 years ago)
While いけない and ならない are interchangeable the subtle difference between them is that ならない tends to express the speaker's own sense of obligation while いけない tends toward directing a sense of obligation toward the hearer.
17

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
ターラ
Level: 39
Should なきゃならない be included in this section or is it a different grammar point?
1
6 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
Same! - please feel free to add a usage note so you can get credit for it.
0
6 years ago
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ターラ
Level: 39
Thanks! Actually, looking at the usage notes it seems someone beat me to it quite some time ago - oops!
0
6 years ago
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Hi everyone, what's the difference between ~と and ~なければならない?

0
9 months ago
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Anonymous123
Level: 1230

Hi everyone, what's the difference between ~と and ~なければならない?

と is a particle for "and" and "with", while なければならない means "have to", so they're not really similar at all.

Did you mean ないと instead of と ?

ないと is a shortened casual form of なくてはいけない, which is another way of saying "have to", but it isn't quite as strong as なければならない.

2
9 months ago
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Yes, sorry. I meant ないと. ありがとうございます

1
9 months ago
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