Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


Without A..ing
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Verb States!
ゆうはん  ずに       
I fell asleep without eating dinner.
22
                       
The teacher decided by herself, without listening to the students' opinions.
26
                     
My father went to work this morning without changing his clothes!
29
               
I went to school without eating breakfast.
1
               
I cannot speak English without making some mistakes.
14
                 
The student left without saying anything.
16
ノック  せずに            
Don't come into my room without knocking.
15
      オムレツ       
You can't make an omelet without breaking eggs.
6
          ください  
Please go without turning out the lights.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: ない form
-ない
Dict. Form
Conjugated
げる
げず
さず
わず
かず
くる
こず
なず
Dict. Form
Conjugated
らず
たず
ばず
まず
そぐ
そがず
する
せず
Basic Examples:
らず (without going home)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

A variant of this grammar is to use it with adjective.

"Event B (adjective) happens/exists without event A"

を せずに きれいなんだ。
My sister is beautiful without putting make-up.

the も particle, ~さえ, ~でも, and the likes could be used as an emphasis.

を せずに も きれいだ。
...is beautiful even without putting make-up.
7 years ago
6

although this could be said to be more classical grammar, it is not as old as ぬ.
where as ずに is mainly used in writing it can be used in spoken, where as ぬ is almost entirely only used within writing.
10 years ago
shirothekiller - Level 1
13

Because this is grammar from classical Japanese, it is used mainly in writing.
11 years ago
avatar 秋子ちゃん - Level 1

Discussion about this grammar
guest
I'm trying to refresh my memory without searching the grammar database but I'm drawing a blank. The verbal way to use this is....?? Like when speaking.
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,621
Maybe just ...‾ないで?, or are you looking for something more formal?
0
11 years ago
guest
I was looking for something a little more formal, yes,^^;;
I always tend to feel like I'm being too informal.
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,621
I'm pretty sure ずに would come across as formal in spoken language. Hmm..listening to the teachers around me, I will also hear (in speeches, whatever) something along the lines of

めることなく、

Although that also (I believe) has a bit more punch to it.

Back to the issue, though, I'm pretty sure a ずに followed by an appropriate conjugation at the end of the sentence would be as polite as you need to be. If I remember (my mind is a bit spotty, so I probably won't), I'll ask someone tomorrow.
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: Too many
Studying: Intermediate Japanese Revised (Plus anything I find)
Level: 779, : 943

While reading a children's novel I came across just ず with no に。It has the phrase かず、does the comma replace the に in this writing or am I looking at some other grammar point that I am just unaware of.

1
6 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,621

Just looked it up - they are slightly different.


ずに meanings "without", as in, A ずに B = "doing B without doing A"

Here's an example:

らずにしてしまった。 Shows you not doing something you'd normally do with the following action.


であきらめず、までってください。

Not quite the same - in this case, it is "don't do A, do B"


までれず、させられました。

In this case, it shows a tight link between the lack of A and it causing B. In this case, "I didn't/couldn't do A, so B"


These examples, by the way, are from the EXCELLENT . It's made for teachers of Japanese, or high level students. Very, very good explanations (although it's 100% Japanese)


http://www.amazon.co.jp/%E6%97%A5%E6%9C%AC%E8%AA%9...

9
6 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: Too many
Studying: Intermediate Japanese Revised (Plus anything I find)
Level: 779, : 943

Thanks for the help. I think once I get a little stronger in Japanese I will pick up that book.

0
6 years ago
Level: 58, : 52

Hey everybody:-) quick question - I saw in one of the examples for わる that this form is used without the に - so, ...いつもとわらず... is this a mistake, a different grammar or maybe an exception? Thank you:-)kao_yoroshiku.png

0
1 month ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,621

I did a quick search, and came up with this note: ざっぱにいえば、 「ずに」=「ないで」、 「ず」=「なくて」です。

So, ずに and ず can both be used depending on the structure of the sentence.

More info: https://detail.chiebukuro.yaho...

0
1 month ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana