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Let's A (together, polite); Would you like to A; Won't you A?
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いっしょ しゃしん  ませんか  
Would you like to take a picture together?
11
         ませんか  
Would you like to see a movie together tomorrow?
6
       いきませんか  
Would you like to go to a pub and have a drink?
4
コンサート チケット       れた ので        きませんか  
Since I got a hold of 2 concert tickets, won't you go with me?
8
あなた  ナイフ   して くれません   
Will you lend me your knife?
7
     ドライブ   きませんか  
Would you like to go for a drive together through the countryside?

Getting the sentences
These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

11
ポイントくれませんか
Won't you give me some suki points?
9 years ago (0) (0)
3
にペンキがくのをきませんか。
Would you like to go and watch paint dry together?
9 years ago (0) (0)
avatar Ses
3
きます。きませんか?
I'm going with friends to go to the movie theater to see a movie. won't you come with us?
10 years ago (0) (0)
4
きませんか?
Wont you go to school?
10 years ago (0) (0)
3
このビールをみませんか。しいです。
Won't you drink this beer? It's delicious.
10 years ago (0) (0)
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Lesson
ませんか
ましょう
ましょうか
In this lesson, we will look at a few different ways to invite someone to do something with us.
~ませんか
おちゃ のみませんか
いちじ ひるごはん たべませんか
としょかん ほん よみませんか
The first kind of invitation we will look at is the most polite, and uses the negative verb ending ません that we already learned, plus the question particle か.
The first kind of invitation we will look at is the most polite, and uses the negative verb ending ません that we already learned, plus the question particle か.
This is kind of similar to the phrase “won’t you…?” in English. For example, the Alphabet Song ends with the line “next time won’t you sing with me?”
You can use all the particles we have already learned in your invitation as well to make them as specific as you want.
This would be “Would you like to have some tea?”
This would be “Would you like to have lunch at 1:00?”
And this would be “Would you like to read books at the library?”
~ましょう
~ましょうか
およぎましょう
およぎましょうか
テニス ましょう
さん いきましょうか
しゃしん とりましょうか
The next type of invitation we will look at is still polite, but not quite as formal as ませんか. This uses a new variation on the ます form, ましょう. You can also add the question particle か to the end.
The next type of invitation we will look at is still polite, but not quite as formal as ませんか. This uses a new variation on the ます form, ましょう. You can also add the question particle か to the end.
You will conjugate this form the same way you would any polite verb, but you will end with ましょう instead of ます or ません.
Using ましょう more closely aligns with the English phrase “Let’s …”, while ましょうか is more like “Shall we…?”
So およぎましょう would be “Let’s swim!”, while およぎましょうか would be “Shall we swim?”
Just like with our other invitations, you can use ましょう and ましょうか with all the other particles we have learned.
So this would be “Let’s play tennis!”
And this would be “Shall we go at 3:00?”
You can also use ましょうか to offer assistance.
For example, if you are offering to take a photo of someone, you can say しゃしんをとりましょうか, which you can translate as either “Shall I take a photo (of you)?” or “Would you like me to take a photo?”
To recap, the suffix ませんか can be used for polite invitations.
To recap, the suffix ませんか can be used for polite invitations.
ましょう is the most casual, and is closer to “Let's ..”, and ましょうか (“Shall we ..”) falls in the midddle.
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Polite, present negative
Basic Examples:
べませんか (Won't you eat?)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
13

This suffix can be added to ください to say "Won't you please ... "

したいから、たろになってさいませんか。
I want to learn English, so won't you please become my teacher?
12 years ago
avatar looh - Level 5

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying:
Level: 113, : 51
The #2 model sentence 「いざかやにのみにいかない?」 ... it doesn't really seem like it belongs on this page ...
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 58, : 5,490
Redid the verb form so it matches formality with everything else on the page. Thanks!
0
11 years ago



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