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Wants to A

  1. Wants to A
  2. Shows signs of state/condition A
  3. Don't be A (afraid, shy, etc.)
かれ なに    がっている   
It seems like he wants to eat something.
20
     カラオケ  したがって いる けれど  この   カラオケ  ありません  
Tanaka wants to sing karaoke, but there are no karaoke places around here.
20
            ので          つもり  
My younger brother wants to ride a horse just once, so we are going to go to a farm tomorrow.
9
              
My parents want to see me.
6
              
He wants to drink alcohol.
7
                
Sato wanted to wear new shoes.
9
          がっていた  
Taro wanted to begin to eat early.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: たい-form (Want to..)
-い
がって
いる
Basic Examples:
いたがっている ((someone) wants to say)

AVerb: たい-form (Want to..)
-い
がる
Basic Examples:
びたがる ((someone) wants to play)

Notes
Only used with third person.
Where this grammar is found


User notes
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Shows signs of state/condition A

  1. Wants to A
  2. Shows signs of state/condition A
  3. Don't be A (afraid, shy, etc.)
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson States and Conditions!
25
 ちゃん      がっている  
It seems like Aya wants something.
12
ずっと パパ                    まで      って   
She's always wanted to ride in Daddy (your)'s car. She asked for you to take her to kindergarten today.
11
           
She seems pretty scared.
8
            
What is everyone afraid of?
7
うちの                        
My father doesn't like it when guests come to the house.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
Aい-adjective
-い
がって
いる
Basic Examples:
しがっている ((so and so) wants)

Aな-adjective
-な
がって
いる
Basic Examples:
がっている (seems to be popular)

Aい-adjective
-い
がる
Basic Examples:
がる (seems to be having fun)

Aな-adjective
-な
がる
Basic Examples:
がる (seems famous)

Notes
Only used with third person.
Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
17

Note on particles:

While ~たい and ~しい take the particle が, ~たがっている and ~しがっている take the particle を.
13 years ago
avatar 宮本勝利 - Level 1
12

Often used with the emotions of others. In the examples below, see ほしがる (seem to want) りたがる (seem to want to ride/board the car). In Japanese, we can never speak definitively about someone else's feelings, so we use things like ~がる or ~そう.

Note that ~がる makes an adjective into a verb.
る=verb りたい=adjective りたがる=verb again.
13 years ago
avatar - Level 1
 
Don't be A (afraid, shy, etc.)

  1. Wants to A
  2. Shows signs of state/condition A
  3. Don't be A (afraid, shy, etc.)
7
そんなに             スピーチ して ください  
Don't be so shy and please give a great speech.
7
             
Don't be afraid and try to dance.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
Aな-adjective
 
Aい-adjective -い
 
 
がらないで
Basic Examples:
ずかしがらないで (don't be shy)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 99
がっている is actually is a combination of がる + ている.

So sentences like these are also possible:
そこへきたがるもいない。There is no one who wants to go there. (Tangorin)
メグはについてでもりたがる。Meg is curious to know everything about Japan. (Tangorin)
7
13 years ago (Edited 13 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928
Thanks, added them!
1
13 years ago
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 / N2
Level: 1, : 1
Just like to point out that the model sentence "おとうとはうまにのりたがっているのであしたいっしょにのうかにいくつもりだ" highlights the wrong part of the sentence in red. Nothing serious, but can possibly confuse people :)
1
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928
Thanks!
0
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 11 months
Studying: This site
Level: 1, : 363
i dont understand how to use がらないで with the たいform. could anybody explain
1
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928
Should not have been on there, and has been taken off. Sorry about that!
0
11 years ago
avatar
Level: 1, : 0
A little mistake with the 3rd example sentence - rule given for いadjs rather than なadjs. Could be confusing.
0
11 years ago (Edited 11 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928
Which sentence specifically are you referring to?
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Level: 1, : 584
In the how to use section of the "Shows signs of state/condition A" I think the
な-adjectiveA - い REMOVE + がる should be
な-adjectiveA - な REMOVE + がる
1
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928
Thank you for catching that typo!
0
11 years ago
Years Studied: 2 years
Studying: Grammar and vocabulary
Level: 1, : 56
I was wondering. If you want to say that someone else wants to do blank, can't you just use the たい form? Or is that only used when referring to yourself?
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 959, : 5,017
In Japanese you can never assume what someone else is thinking or feeling - using just たい does assume absolute knowledge, so it's considered innapropriate to use by itself when referring to another person.
4
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928
A good thing to keep in mind as well is that you can use the たい form when quoting someone else. きたいって He says he wants to go to Tokyo.
3
9 years ago
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 504
[quote author=Lang_learner link=topic_id=4933&post_id=29258#rmsg_29258 date=1372118142]I was wondering. If you want to say that someone else wants to do blank, can't you just use the たい form? Or is that only used when referring to yourself?[/quote] In informal speech it's quite common to use たい with your friend or significant other. For example: べたい? What do you wanna eat? While that may not be 100% grammatically correct everyone does it.
3
9 years ago
Years Studied: 2 years
Studying: Grammar and vocabulary
Level: 1, : 56
Oh ok, thank you all very much! I was quite confused, but now it makes sense. :D
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 959, : 5,017
[quote author=fareastfurfaro link=topic_id=4933&post_id=29261#rmsg_29261 date=1372166729]In informal speech it's quite common to use たい with your friend or significant other. For example: べたい? What do you wanna eat? While that may not be 100% grammatically correct everyone does it.[/quote] Fareast - a note on that; while that is often used, that kind of phrase isn't used *in reference* to another person, and it's a question, so the assumption of knowledge isn't there - that's why that type of question works, it has nothing to do with formality (because you can also ask someone べたいんですか and that's also fine) ;)
4
9 years ago
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 504
I see! になりました。ありがとう!
2
9 years ago
Level: 1, : 0
sorry i found this dialogue with is from a text book in which explain the がる form. the dialogue is A: 、おりなさい。どうだって? B: しかったよ。ヒッチハイクもうまくいったし。こわがらないでやってみてよかった。 A: そうだね。 I don't understand why the B person is using the わがらないで referring to himself, it's not usually a grammar rule to use for other feelings? Thank you veru much for your help.
0
8 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928
This is a special form that comes with several adjectives: はずかしい > はずかしがる こわい > こわがる etc. The usage of these is 'to become [feeling/condition', so in the dialogue, he's saying he is glad he didn't get scared and try it.
2
8 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 13
Level: 1, : 947
In third person, the がる suffix is used to deduce someone else's emotions from appearances. In the first person, it means a feeling for no valid reason, an emotion "over nothing".
5
8 years ago
Level: 1, : 0
Thank you very much! now i understood! :D
0
8 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: ほぼ3
Studying: N4
Level: 1, : 97
About the second usage, by referring verbs which represent a state/condition (like れる、する、る, etc.), isn't it still possible to use it with verb? For instance, saying 'りたがっている' doesn't always mean '(seems) want to angry' but means 'seems angry' instead. Then how about れたがる, does it always means 'seems want to get tired'? I believe it's roughly depend on context, though. So how do you think?
0
7 years ago (Edited 7 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 123, : 6,928

@mysticfive thoughts on this nuance?

0
7 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 959, : 5,017
About the second usage, by referring verbs which represent a state/condition (like れる、する、る, etc.), isn't it still possible to use it with verb? For instance, saying 'りたがっている' doesn't always mean '(seems) want to angry' but means 'seems angry' instead. Then how about れたがる, does it always means 'seems want to get tired'? I believe it's roughly depend on context, though. So how do you think?

I've never heard this grammar pattern used in this way; usually, if you want to say someone seems angry/tired etc, you hear things like っているらしい、れているようです、しているみたい。Not to say the above *can't* be used, just that if it can, it's probably a rarer usage... But especially since the ~たい form is in there for verbs, it would seem to lead one to believe that the condition is desired, like you said - one wants to become angry, one wants to be tired...

1
7 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: ほぼ3
Studying: N4
Level: 1, : 97
I guess you're right. Another one, are these count as the second usage (or the third?) too? がり is sensitive to heat がり is sensitive to cold がり is coward when「(や)」attached, it'd mean the 'type of the person that (sensitive to...)'; it doesn't seems work with all adjective, though. And for がる, does it always means "pretend to be tough" (negative nuance) and not "seems strong" (does not contain negative nuance)?
0
7 years ago (Edited 7 years ago.)
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 959, : 5,017

I would say the ~がり is most similar to usage 2, but I'm not sure if I'd put them together in the same thing.

with がる, it's not something that I've personally heard too often, but I would say that it would more have the pretending connotation - if you wanted to say someone seems strong, I'd go more with そう

1
7 years ago



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