Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


Cannot be A; should not be A (when describing a situation, not the actions of the subject)
24
この ズボン       こんな       穿   はず  ない    
These pants are small! I could never wear something this tiny!
9
         はずがない  
She cannot have broken her promise.
4
  それ    はずがない  
He cannot have seen it.
4
  この      はずがない  
He can't have read this book.
6
マイク  そんな こと  した はずがない  
Mike cannot have done such a thing.
8
それ     はずがない  
It cannot be true.
10
これ     ダイヤ である はずがない  
This can't be a real diamond.

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Casual
 
Aい adjective
 
Aな adjective
 
ANoun
 
 
はずない
Basic Examples:
はずない (it shouldn't rain(snow))

はずない (shouldn't be expensive)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
shirothekiller
Level: 1
(11 years ago)
if you think of はず as a general expectation of something, then its easier to think of this grammar as "there is no expectation of..."

るはずがない。- There is no expectation that he will come. (he might come, but we don't expect it)

this is not to be confused with ないはずだ which means "the general expectation is that... is not"

ないはずだ。- it's expected that he won't come (we expect that he wont come, but possible that he will come)
9

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 100
Are you sure it's really Na-adjective + の ... and not Na-adjective + な?
0
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 141, : 7,149
Typo, probably!
0
12 years ago
guest
helfull
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Level: 1, : 584
I am a bit confused by the description of the meaning of はずがない.

If you look at one of the example sentences that has been checked for accuracy it says

ったはずがない。」
She cannot have broken her promise.

However, the definition at the top of this page says that はずがない means "It shouldn't be A". In English, "cannot have" and "shouldn't have" are very different meanings. So, if I hadn't seen the English translation of this sentence, I would assume that it meant "She shouldn't have broken her promise." This is a very different meaning to "She cannot have broken her promise." It seems that all the example sentences use "can't" rather than "shouldn't". Can someone clarify this for me, please.
2
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 141, : 7,149
Thank you for the message - I agree, the English definition lacks clarity. I believe that "shouldn't" can be a valid interpretation, in the sense of stating something that shouldn't have happened (かぎがかかっているはずじゃない - It shouldn't be locked) - but when it comes to a willful action by the subject, I believe that 'cannot' is a closer fit.

How does this sound for a better fit:
Cannot be [A], should not be [A] (when describing a situation, not the actions of the subject)

??
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Level: 1, : 584
Yes, I think that English definition is much more helpful. That shows the different ways that it can be used. It might be nice to have them set up as two different examples so we get practice thinking of the different uses and get many different user sentences using both varieties.
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 141, : 7,149
Updated the meaning. I am hesitant to split it into two different meanings because it would add a bit more granularity to the grammar library than I would be comfortable with. However, as time goes by, we should be able to get additional example sentences/phrases that help identify both 'usages'.
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Level: 1, : 584
Updating the meaning has already helped me understand it better. Thanks
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3
Level: 1, : 287
So, to put it simply, はずがない is a bit stronger than ないはずだ when referring to negative expectations?
0
10 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 141, : 7,149
That is how I have always understood it.
2
10 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: ???
Studying: JLPT N2/N1 -------- 44 Games Completed in Japanese
Level: 110, : 345
What if はずがない follows a negative?
For instance take this sentence:
しげなしているあののことだ。ことにまれないはずがない。 
Since is a double negation, it means that the professor performing those experiments will definetly end up in trouble?
1
5 years ago (Edited 5 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 141, : 7,149
That sounds right to me! 
1
5 years ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana