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Because A; since A
Cannot be used to show personal opinions or invitations. It cannot be used with commands, requests when the reason given is subjective (the speaker's feelings or opinion.)
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       したくない       いつも           
My dad always goes to play golf on his days off because he doesn't want to speak to my mother.
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         その             
The children are using umbrellas because it started to rain.
15
                       
It is tough reading a Japanese newspaper because there is a lot of kanji.
9
                    
There are a lot of traffic accidents in the winter because it snows.
5
                
Because he lied he was punished.
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          している          
Aside from studying, I do various activities and because of that, I'm busy.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb
 
Aい adjective
 
Aな adjective
 
ANoun
 
 
ので
Basic Examples:
ので (since (she's) going)

しいので (since it's fun)

ので (because it's popular)

ので (because (he's) a teacher)

Notes
Cannot be used to end a sentence.
Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
Level:
(5 years ago)
ので can be shortened to んで just like のだ can be shortened to んだ.
7
avatar
Level:
(12 years ago)
When you link two clauses with 「ので」, the reason or cause in the first clause should be factual and objectively accepted by other people. Clauses linked by 「から」, on the other hand, do not have this restriction:

"There seem likely to be a lot of typhoons this year, so I think we should stock up on emergency rations."

(X) 「そうなので、っておいたがいいだろう。」 (incorrect usage)
(0) 「そうだから、っておいたがいいだろう。」 (correct usage)

Further, 「ので」 sounds softer than 「から」, and is more appropriate for formal and polite speech:

"These were sent here by my family. Please have some."

(X) 「からってきましたから、どうぞ。」 (somewhat rough or impolite)
(0) 「からってきましたので、どうぞ。」 (better)

Finally, since 「ので」 is essentially the [-te] form of 「のだ」, it functions similar to linking two sequentially or concurrently occurring clauses with just the [-te] form. Either of the following is acceptable:

"The train was delayed, so we had to wait for two hours."

れて、2たされた。」
れたので、2たされた。」
17
avatar
mysticfive
Level: 1657
(14 years ago)
The result of a clause using ので can't be someone's wishes or a suggestion - ex. いのでたい and ので、びましょう are both incorrect - in these cases, use から instead.
9

Discussion about this grammar
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mysticfive
Level: 1657
the second example sentence has an incorrect usage for ので - it's not supposed to be used with commands
0
14 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
Thanks, changing it now!
0
14 years ago
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Level: 1
からないので
0
13 years ago
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Level:

Would something like はバナナがきなのでバナナをいました be appropriate for this structure, or does it fall too far into something subjective for which から would be more appropriate?

0
9 years ago
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arakkiisuperstar
Level: 105

I’m confused. it says that it can’t be used to end a sentence, yet I am constantly getting example sentences like だといたので。Am I missing some special use case?

0
5 months ago
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マイコー
Level: 272

That's a more casual sentence, so it's basically a sentence fragment (but completely natural and common in spoken Japanese).

1
5 months ago
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What's the difference between て and ので?

は、が (しくて•しいいので) 、よくよめません

0
4 months ago
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gdartfow
Level: 1545

As mentioned in the user notes, ので is just the て-form of the explanatory の + だ anyway. So both can be used to express a reason.


In your specific sentence, しくて sounds more natural than しいので to me personally, but both are gramatically correct.

I found this interesting article (in Japanese), which examines how natural ~て sounds to native speakers in different contexts: https://eprints.lib.hokudai.ac.jp/dspace/handle/2115/45574

For example, "をひいて、みました。" sounds good, but "宿をして、できません。" does not (it argues the antecedent should not be a highly actionable verb).

1
4 months ago
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