Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


 
ちゃ is a casual form of ては

  1. ちゃ is a casual form of ては
  2. じゃ is a casual form of では
14
すぐに       なくちゃ  
We must contact the police at once.
6
クラス  スキット  しなくちゃ いけない ので          
I need to find a partner because we have to do a skit in class.
10
    しちゃ いけない  
You can't trust him.
7
      なくちゃ  
I have to prepare for the test.
7
それ     なくちゃ だめ    
It needs to be repaired.

Getting the sentences
Common usages
Statements of prohibition are often shortened using this form in casual speech.

        いけない  (polite)

You can't talk during class.

      ちゃ いけない  (casual)

You can't talk during class.

それ      だめ  (polite)

You can't eat that!

それ    ちゃ だめ  (casual)

You can't eat that!

It is also commonly used alongside another abbreviation when describing something you must do.

          ならない  (polite)

I have to study tonight!

      なくては (correct)

(this is an intermediary form and not normally used)

           (correct)

I've gotta study tonight!
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.
 
じゃ is a casual form of では

  1. ちゃ is a casual form of ては
  2. じゃ is a casual form of では
11
サム      だめ  
Sam, don't you leave me.
8
いや  それじゃ だめ    になる ように       
No, that's not the right way. You have to turn it the other way round.
8
      から     キーボード じゃ だめ なんだ   
I have chubby fingers, so I can't use a small keyboard.

Getting the sentences
Common usages
Statements of prohibition are often shortened using this form in casual speech.

    だめ  (correct)

You can't die!

  じゃ だめ  (correct)

You can't die!

It's also used often with the conjunction では or それでは

では   って     (correct)

Well then, I'm going.

じゃ   って     (correct)

Well, I'm off!

It is can also be used when では is part of a negative (ではない or ではありません)

        ない  (correct)

I'm not well today.

           (correct)

I'm not well today.
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
guest
Will there be model sentences up for the first grammar point any time soon? Or how can I nominate sentences for that?
1
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
Model sentences might not be ideal for this page. I think it'd probably be better to list a few examples in the usage page, showing the before->after so it's easier to see the transition (sentences can't be 'paired' in the model sentences tab).

Can you help think of the different times that this can be used?

(prohibition)
てはいけない > ちゃいけない (or だめ in place of いけない)
ではいけない >じゃいけない (or だめ in place of いけない)

ではない > じゃない
2
12 years ago
guest
A few examples works fine too. What I meant to ask was if there was going to be something other than user sentences to look at for this one. I'm not too familiar with this grammar point so I kind of had to stare at it for a bit before it clicked ^^;;
1
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
I've added a bunch! Take a look at it, and please rate the meanings (with the stars) if you like them! Thanks!
0
12 years ago
guest
Went ahead and rated. Thanks again, these were LOADS of help.
0
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 9
Studying:
Level: 5, : 239
I have a question.

In the lyrics for the song Hare Hare Yukai, there is a line which goes:
しがっちゃずかしいよなんてね~わせて!

I stumbled here trying to figure out what しがっちゃ meant. I don't believe it's the same conjugation, but can somebody help me out?
0
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
しがる > しがってしまう > しがっちゃう ..I'm wondering if it's a contraction/slang on that - it's a bit hard to deduce the meaning without a bit more context (for me, at least), but hope that helps some.
0
12 years ago
Level: 1, : 0
This helps me much. ありがとうございます!
0
8 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: ???
Studying: JLPT N2/N1 -------- 44 Games Completed in Japanese
Level: 110, : 344

just a very minor thing, but the title is missing the ~ symbol before ちゃ

1
7 months ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629

Fixed!

1
7 months ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana