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Describes a state after the action A takes place.

  1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
  2. A-ing (Progressive tense)
  3. A is the subject's customary actions.
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17
     テレビ  まだ ついている  
Ah, I forgot! The TV is still on.
7
あっ    まだ           ください  
Ah! The window is still open. Please close it.
34
       すでに         
I already know the cause of the accident.
22
   たぬき          きっと         でしょう  
A raccoon dog (tanuki) was dead on the street. It must have been hit by a car.
19
         
My father is overweight.
27
          
My younger sister is married.
3
                 
She is delighted to have had a child.
3
きっと        から         
I'm sure he knows, so let's ask him.
9
            
Today's sky is cloudy.
1
              です  
Yesterday was clear, but today is rainy.
1
      まだ       
Yesterday's laundry is still wet.
1
   まだ ついている はずだ  
The lights should still be on.

Getting the sentences
These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

2
アメリカにんでいました。
I was living in America last year.
9 years ago (0) (0)
2
さいんでいます
Now, I am living on a small island.
10 years ago (0) (0)
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Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: て-form
いる
Notes

This usage of ~ている only shows a state, so it cannot show action or motion. Note the time progression that results in the following sentences.

22
   たぬき          きっと         でしょう  
A raccoon dog (tanuki) was dead on the street. It must have been hit by a car.

1. (これから)ぬ = きている。 (The dog is still living)
2. にました。 (This is an instantaneous change in state from living to dead)
3. (ずっと/も)んでいる。 (The result of the change still exists, as the dog is still dead)


34
       すでに         
I already know the cause of the accident.

1. (これから)かる = からない。 (You don't yet know the cause)
2. かりました。 (This is an instantaneous change in state from not knowing to knowing)
3. (は)かっている。 (You found out and are still in a state of knowing the cause.)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
22
The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

Example:
っている。→ ってる。
っています。→ ってます。

All the conjugations are the same, just without the extra い.

っていた。 -> ってた。 It had been raining.
っていない。 -> ってない。It did not rain.
っていなかった。 -> がふってなかった。It had not been raining.
12 years ago
avatar looh - Level 5
 
A-ing (Progressive tense)

  1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
  2. A-ing (Progressive tense)
  3. A is the subject's customary actions.
いまクッキー          
I'm baking cookies at the moment.
26
           から  また あとで      ください  
I'm eating dinner right now, so could you call me back later?
10
   ニューヨーク         
I live in New York.
16
             
My younger sister works for a bank.
13
    テレビゲーム  しています  
My brother is playing video games now.
4
   こちら      います  
The family is heading this way.
5
           
He is running now.
5
      ばかり いて            
Lately I've only been playing and not studying.
2
         から  あとで        
I'm on the train right now, so I'll call you again later.
2
もしもし    してる  
Hello, what are you doing right now?

Getting the sentences
These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

4
このんでいます。
I'm reading this book.
9 years ago (1) (1)
3
しています。
Now, I'm practising Japanese.
9 years ago (0) (0)
3
っています
I'm wearing a box on my head.
9 years ago (0) (0)
2
んでいます
Are your studies going well?
10 years ago (0) (0)
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Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: て-form
いる
Basic Examples:
べている (to be eating)

いている (to be writing)

Notes

This usage of ~ている shows action in progress, that is, actions that do not end after a moment.

26
           から  また あとで      ください  
I'm eating dinner right now, so could you call me back later?

1. (これから)べる = まだべていない。 (I haven't yet eaten)
2. (べている。 (I am in the process of eating)
3. (もう)べた。 (The action of eating is finished)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
2

The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

Example:
は、テレビゲームをしている。→ は、テレビゲームをしてる。
は、テレビゲームをしています。→ は、テレビゲームをしてます。
12 years ago
avatar looh - Level 5
 
A is the subject's customary actions.

  1. Describes a state after the action A takes place.
  2. A-ing (Progressive tense)
  3. A is the subject's customary actions.
ひま とき ほん      
I read books when I have free time.
12
    いつも インターネット  しています  
I always use the internet when I have free time.
14
     CNN ニュース        
I watch the CNN news every morning.
7
               
I eat vegetables every day.
3
  いつも テレビ    くつろいでいます  
I am always relaxing and watching TV.
3
    この    使       
I have been using this notebook for 2 years.
1
  バス        
I ride the bus every day.
2
    バイト  しています   
I have a part-time job on Sundays.

Getting the sentences
These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

1
このレストランでべている。
Every day I have lunch at this restaurant.
9 years ago (0) (0)
0
までおくっている。
Every day, before going to work, she's bringing her child to the kindergarten.
9 years ago (0) (0)
3
そうやっておばっかりんでいるとアルになるぜ。
If you go on drinking (like you always are), (I'm telling you,) you are going to be an alcoholic.
9 years ago (0) (0)
2
っています
Every morning I run at the park.
9 years ago (0) (0)
1
ギターしている
I practice on guitar every night.
10 years ago (0) (0)
3
している。
I speak in Japanese for one hour every day.
10 years ago (0) (0)
avatar Ses
1
からのドラマをている。
every night I watch a Drama from Korea.
10 years ago (2) (2)
2
ぐらいテレビゲームしています
Everyday I play video games for about 2 hours.
10 years ago (3) (3)
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Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: て-form
いる
Notes

This form of ~ている is often used with repetitive time nouns such as いつも, , , etc.

Where this grammar is found


User notes
5

The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.

Example:
、いつもインターネットをしている。→ 、いつもインターネットをしてる。
、いつもインターネットをしています。→ 、いつもインターネットをしてます。
12 years ago
avatar looh - Level 5

Discussion about this grammar
Level: 1, : 2
In the model sentence 「いもうとは、ぎんでつとめています。」”My younger sister works for a bank", the particle に would read better than で concerning the verb つとめる. Thus, 「いもうとは、ぎんにつとめています。」
2
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Thanks so much for catching that! Fixed it :)
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 9
Studying:
Level: 5, : 227
The ている construction is often shortened to てる colloquially. You can also shorten ています to てます, but if you're already being polite you'd probably want to say the full thing anyway.
4
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
You should stick it in as a 'usage note' so you get credit for it! Since this page has three meanings that would all benefit from your notes, making 3 identical usage notes is completely acceptable.
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 7
Studying:
Level: 1, : 628
The title on this page itself is fine, but on the main grammar library page, this pattern shows up as てる. Again, I'm aware that いる uses the kanji る, but when combined with て-form, I'm pretty sure it's almost always written in kana.
2
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Fixed!
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 8
Studying: JLPT N2
Level: 1, : 153
The first usage reads "Describes a state after the action A takes place." I learned that it was used as a state of being. I am . . . married, short, tall, hot, cold. Is that right?
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
The first case (married), occurs after something takes place (marriage). Could you give me an example of those other states you gave, used in ている form?
1
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 8
Studying: JLPT N2
Level: 1, : 153
When I learned them the first time, I guess it was things like marriage, death, etc. I think maybe I just hadn't connected the two. Thanks for asking :)
1
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Definitely look under the 'notes' section on that first meaning - The way it shows the three 'stages' of an action (like dying) made it really clear for me when I first read it :)
1
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Studying: N2
Level: 1, : 159
Just noticed a typo- "Progessive tense" should be "Progressive tense".
1
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Thanks so much! Fixed it.
1
11 years ago
Years Studied: 1 month
Studying: N5
Level: 1, : 0
ありがとうございます :D :D
0
8 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: Since summer 2012
Studying: Grammar N5, Kanji N5-N3
Level: 1, : 65
I just came across another usage of ている-form as a description of constante state (not action, as in the examples above). I don't think this usage is covered by the explanations above so I'll put it down here. ている-form in this case describes the constant state of things, the way they were from the very beginning. For example "はクラウデぃア・シファーにています" She looks like Claudia Schiffer (she did't start looking like Schiffer two days ago, but she always looked like her). このがっています。 This street has a turn (?? not sure how to put this in English). Here again, this street has always been this way and didn't get this turn in the course of time. So far though, I came across only two verbs that can be used in this way. Probably someone else here knows more of them?
0
8 years ago (Edited 8 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
If fits under the first definition, except that the first one is a bit too restrictive and doesn't allow these examples. The second one actually does fit in - whoever made the road originally curved it during construction (the action), leaving it in a curved state. ています....that one doesn't, though. Let me think on it.
0
8 years ago



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