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test
 


Without A, B (can't be done, wouldn't be, etc.)
Suggests a conditional that without A, B wouldn't exist/be possible.
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2
   なくしては             できなかった ろう  
Without his strength, we probably would not have even won a single game.
3
                    できませんでした  
I couldn't have finished writing my thesis without your (my teacher) guidance.
2
      なくしては  この           なかった  
Without Ms. Yamada's efforts, this book would have never seen the light of day.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
なく
して
BResult
Basic Examples:
なくしてはできない (success cannot be achieved without hard work)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

Without something, would be difficult to realize what follows な く し て .
Nouns preceding pattern express desirable things. Clauses of negation follow
8 months ago
avatar まことまじま - Level 320

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