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A has already occurred/been done; A has already started (with ている)

  1. A has already occurred/been done; A has already started (with ている)
  2. Not A (anymore)
    Shows a state A that was true before, but isn't anymore (There *was* money, it *was* hot today, etc.)
  3. (one, a little, etc.) more A
    Used when asking for an additional unit/amount of something, or when showing that some amount is not enough.
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ゆき もう        
It's already snowing.
5
もう 5          
It's already past five o'clock.
2
   もう             
The tea is already gone.
3
もう       してあります  
I've already made reservations with the store.
3
チケット  もう       
The tickets are already sold out.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
もう
AVerb (Past tense)
Basic Examples:
もうわった (already finished)

もう
AVerb: て-form
いる
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.
 
Not A (anymore)
Shows a state A that was true before, but isn't anymore (There *was* money, it *was* hot today, etc.)

  1. A has already occurred/been done; A has already started (with ている)
  2. Not A (anymore)
    Shows a state A that was true before, but isn't anymore (There *was* money, it *was* hot today, etc.)
  3. (one, a little, etc.) more A
    Used when asking for an additional unit/amount of something, or when showing that some amount is not enough.
3
セール  もう やってなかった   
They're no longer doing the sale.
5
        もう         
I'm full. I can't eat any more.
2
あの    もう   していない   
That store is no longer open.
2
もう   バス  ない です   
There's no more buses today.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
もう
~
ANegative form
Basic Examples:
もうくない (not hot anymore)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
3

One I hear very often is 「もういやだ!」for when you really don't like something.
9 years ago
avatar テリフン - Level 1
6

Good note! One more, similar, common usage springs to mind: もういい! meaning "I've had enough".
10 years ago
avatar emmy - Level 2
10

Can't this grammar function also be used to express emotional exasperation? For example: 「もう,うるさいよ!」"Geez, so noisy!"
10 years ago
avatar Angie89 - Level 1
 
(one, a little, etc.) more A
Used when asking for an additional unit/amount of something, or when showing that some amount is not enough.

  1. A has already occurred/been done; A has already started (with ている)
  2. Not A (anymore)
    Shows a state A that was true before, but isn't anymore (There *was* money, it *was* hot today, etc.)
  3. (one, a little, etc.) more A
    Used when asking for an additional unit/amount of something, or when showing that some amount is not enough.
0
もう   ワイン       
I'd like one more glass of wine.
0
もう   ここで        
Please wait here a little while longer.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
もう
ANoun (counter)
Basic Examples:
もう (one more time)

もう
し/ちょっと/etc
ANoun
Basic Examples:
もう (more rice)

もう
し/ちょっと/etc
AVerb
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
Level: 1, : 195
I feel like there are other forms of verbs and counting words that are not being expressed in this grammar. Is there another section that has these? I`m just curious.
2
10 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,638
Can you give some examples of what you are referring to?
0
10 years ago
guest
The one meaning that I thought of when I read this was [again, another] As in: 「もう」, 「もう」 Doesn't really go with either of the extant meanings.
1
10 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,638
Added, tell me if you agree with how I phrased the definition.
1
10 years ago
guest
What you have so far looks great. I'm looking at the entry for 「もう」 in my dictionary right now, and it reminded me of a few times when it's paired with something other than a counter word, like 「もうし」 for instance. I think in these situations, the general form is: 「もう+」, where 「もう」 translates to [more] Ex: 「もううことはない。」 I have nothing more to say. 「もうしスープをがりますか?」 Would you like a little more soup? I had thought the phrase 「もうちょっと」 would fall into this category, but I just realized what the is for 「ちょっと」: 「」. I guess it's a counter word after all then? Interesting, makes sense. Anyways, I wonder if you can fit this [more] meaning into the one you just created, or if it would be better to add a new meaning. I'm all for creating as few separate meanings as possible, as long as everything remains comprehensible, of course.
2
10 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: Never enough!
Studying:
Level: 25, : 557
I think I'd take the "one" out of the "more A" definition, personally... that seems to be included in the subsequent counter, and it would also then cover ちょっと and し, as valymer mentioned. Things like もうわない also come to mind - though I'm not sure whether that would be もう in the "more" sense or the "no longer" one. もううことはない strikes me as belonging to the same category, actually.
1
10 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3
Level: 1, : 274
Can the third form also include verbs? For example, もうべてください Please eat a little more.
1
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,638
Definitely!
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: Many on and off
Studying: N2
Level: 475, : 2,202

#1 is described as もう + past tense, but the example sentence that comes with the picture uses ている.

0
1 year ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,638

Expanded the definition and construction patterns. Thanks!

0
1 year ago



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