Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


 
Casual, present (non-past) positive form of A

  1. Casual, present (non-past) positive form of A
  2. Casual, present (non-past) negative form of A
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Casual Verbs!
8
  パン      
He eats bread.
10
        
I read manga every day.
10
もうすぐ       
The day will get dark very soon.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
: Present, casual (positive)
The present casual positive form is exactly the same as the dictionary form of the verb. as you can see from the conjugation chart, there is no change in any of the forms.
Dict. Form
Conjugated
げる
げる
Dict. Form
Conjugated
そぐ
そぐ
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.
 
Casual, present (non-past) negative form of A

  1. Casual, present (non-past) positive form of A
  2. Casual, present (non-past) negative form of A
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Casual Verbs!
9
      から          
The child is sick and won't go to school.

Getting the sentences
1. Determine if it's a godan or ichidan verb
How do I determine the type of the verb?
2. Conjugating the verbs
Godan verbs
1. Change the last character from it's 'u' form to the 'a' form.
(it's easier to see these forms if the characters are also written in romaji.)
む (mu) => ま (ma)
す (su) => さ (sa)
う (u) => わ (wa)
ぬ (nu) => な (na)
つ (tsu) => た (ta)
ぶ (bu) => ば (ba)
く (ku) => か (ka)
ぐ (gu) => が (ga)
る (ru) => ら (ra)
Ichidan verbs
1. Remove the る from the end of the verb.

Special cases
1a. する (to do) is changed to し.
1b. くる (to come) is changed to こ.
1c. ある (to be) is changed to ない.


2. Add ない to make the negative form.
Conjugation examples
Let's conjugate the godan verb く/かく (to write):
Basic Examples
Before we start: かく
1. か -> か
2. かか -> かかない (don't write)

Now let's conjugate the verb べる/たべる (to eat), which is an ichidan verb:
Basic Examples
Before we start: たべる
1. たべ -> たべ
2. たべ -> たべない (don't eat)
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 483
I think く should be かかない instead of かきない in the example.
12
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Whoops, thanks for catching the typo!
6
11 years ago
guest
KOol
1
10 years ago
avatar
Level: 1, : 7

There is another exception for the negatives: ある becomes ない

5
5 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642

Added it!

3
5 years ago
avatar
Studying: For N4/N3
Level: 2, : 65

Not sure if this belongs here, but a grammar quiz question (about casual present negative) had "べられない" for "I can't eat [any more]". Is this correct? The internet says this might be a form that means "to be inedible"? Was this a goof in a user sentence?

0
4 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642

It's a sentence that is probably a bit too high level for that quiz. It is not only this form, but also the potential form べられる - which means "to be able to eat/can eat" - so it does mean "can't eat", or "unable to eat" - it could mean that it is inedible, or perhaps something you cannot eat because of a personal choice or an allergy.


That being said, we are currently making a brand new batch of N5 quiz questions to better fit the difficulty level in the actual N5 test.

4
4 years ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana