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Shows change/movement A is about to start/end
Used in referring to changes A that aren't based on will/decision of a person (movement of a train, change in seasons, etc.)
1
  そろそろ     している  
Mom is about to go to sleep.
1
          している    
He is about to leave the company.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Volitional
している
Basic Examples:
こうしている (the cherry blossoms are starting to bloom)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

(よ)う form has conceptually overlapping categories:
1. presumptive (conjecture: ~ is probable: ~ でしょう);
2. volitional / hortative (shall)

Use in patterns where the meaning similar to English "shall" where there is a future element (probability) involved:

It will probably rain

I shall go, let's go

Shall we go?

To express what you are thinking of doing using the pattern ~(よ)うとう (e.g. I am thinking of going, I shall/probably go)

To express (where the subject has a will) "to try to ~" using the pattern ~(よ)うとしている (e.g I am trying to write)

To express (where the subject does not have a will) "be about to ~" using the pattern ~(よ)うとしている (The trees are about to be blown over) (see DAJG p. 474)
7 years ago
avatar 火曜 - Level 17
0
Under normal circumstances requires a subject that has a will (human, animal), such as ようとしていた "I was about to go to sleep". Usage for things is polite (? not sure), ironic or poetic. The cherry blossoms example would fall in the latter category.
9 years ago
berndbausch - Level 1

Discussion about this grammar
Level: 1, : 22
According to my wife, it's normally used for actions of people or perhaps living beings, such as ようとしていた "I was about to go to sleep". Usage for things is polite or poetic. The cherry blossoms example would fall in the latter category.
1
9 years ago (Edited 9 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 111, : 6,656
Feel free to add that as a usage note above so it is more visible to the other users!
1
9 years ago
Level: 1, : 22
Seems to be part of JLPT N2, though its JLPT level here is currently "not listed".
1
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 111, : 6,656
I actually need to do a bit of cleanup with the grammar listings - sometime this week. I will get this taken care of when I do that!
1
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: not enough
Studying: second half of N4, but I'm preparing to re-study all N5-N4 grammar
Level: 134, : 47

related grammar:

V-ようとする "Be about to A; Try to A" https://www.renshuu.org/grammar/87/V-ようとする

0
3 months ago



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