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Make (somebody) A, this is coercive or forced onto the object of the sentence.

  1. Make (somebody) A, this is coercive or forced onto the object of the sentence.
  2. Allow (somebody) to A, this is permission from the subject to the object.
  3. Make (somebody) A, because of the subject; the object is caused to A
ども ころ   かあさん  わたし さい べさせた  
When I was a child, Mom made me eat vegetables.
25
   ため            させる       
It's common for parents to make their children study every day for the entrance exams.
22
  さん  いや      やった ので       さん    けさせて  
No, mom! I did it last week, so make (my) brother clean up this time.
12
          かせました 
That little girl made her own little sister cry.
7
  ピアノ   わせたい  
I want to make my daughter learn the piano.
5
    トイレ    させた  
Mom made me clean the bathroom.
3
             しゃべらせた  
Dad pressed my older brother and made him talk about everything.

Getting the sentences
1. Determine if it's a godan or ichidan verb
How do I determine the type of the verb?
2. Conjugating the verbs
Godan verbs
1. Change the last character from it's 'u' form to the 'a' form.
む (mu) => ま (ma)
す (su) => さ (sa)
う (u) => わ (wa)
ぬ (nu) => な (na)
つ (tsu) => た (ta)
ぶ (bu) => ば (ba)
く (ku) => か (ka)
ぐ (gu) => が (ga)
る (ru) => ら (ra)
Ichidan verbs
1. Change the る from the end of the verb to さ (sa)

Special cases
1a. する (to do) is changed to さ.
1b. くる (to come) is changed to こさ.


2. Add せる to make the causative form.
Conjugation examples
Let's conjugate the godan verb く/かく (to write):
Basic Examples
Before we start: かく
1. か -> か
2. かか -> かかせる (to be made to write/to be allowed to write)

Now let's conjugate the verb べる/たべる (to eat), which is an ichidan verb:
Basic Examples
Before we start: たべる
1. たべ -> たべ
2. たべさ -> たべさせる (to be made to eat/to be allowed to eat)
Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

To be coercive, the を particle will be used in most case.

(A) のため、させる。(not very natural)
(B) のため、させる。(perfect)
Parents will make their children study hard for entrance exam. (coersive)

However, to avoid double usage of a particle, exception happened.

(A) を フランスさせた。(incorrect)
(B) に フランスさせた。(perfect)
I made or I let my daughter study French.

To specify whether you made or you let, you can use ~てあげる* to mean "let", so
(C) に フランスさせてあげる。
I let my daughter study French. (permissive)

*It's not limited for ~てあげる, the variant ~てくれる/もらう can also be used.

-summarized from the grammar's discussion below and Meadowlake's post on Lang-8
6 years ago
 
Allow (somebody) to A, this is permission from the subject to the object.

  1. Make (somebody) A, this is coercive or forced onto the object of the sentence.
  2. Allow (somebody) to A, this is permission from the subject to the object.
  3. Make (somebody) A, because of the subject; the object is caused to A
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Verb Forms!
10
   さん      させて もらった けど  すぐに     こしてしまった  
Yesterday my father let me drive his car, but I quickly got into an accident.
6
あの   バナナ   べさせないで    でも  べたら  もっと  しがる から   
Don't let that monkey had banana! If he eats even a little of it, he'll want more.
4
  あの    すごく  たがって いる けど  よくない ので  させません  
My son really wants to watch that movie, but it's not any good so I won't let him watch it.

Getting the sentences
1. Determine if it's a godan or ichidan verb
How do I determine the type of the verb?
2. Conjugating the verbs
Godan verbs
1. Change the last character from it's 'u' form to the 'a' form.
む (mu) => ま (ma)
す (su) => さ (sa)
う (u) => わ (wa)
ぬ (nu) => な (na)
つ (tsu) => た (ta)
ぶ (bu) => ば (ba)
く (ku) => か (ka)
ぐ (gu) => が (ga)
る (ru) => ら (ra)
Ichidan verbs
1. Change the る from the end of the verb to さ (sa)

Special cases
1a. する (to do) is changed to さ.
1b. くる (to come) is changed to こさ.


2. Add せる to make the causative form.
Conjugation examples
Let's conjugate the godan verb く/かく (to write):
Basic Examples
Before we start: かく
1. か -> か
2. かか -> かかせる (to be made to write/to be allowed to write)

Now let's conjugate the verb べる/たべる (to eat), which is an ichidan verb:
Basic Examples
Before we start: たべる
1. たべ -> たべ
2. たべさ -> たべさせる (to be made to eat/to be allowed to eat)
Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

While to be permissive, the に particle, on the other hand, will mostly be used.

(A) に フランス に かせてあげる。(not very natural)
(B) を フランス に かせてあげる。(perfect)
I let my son goes to France.

~てあげる* used to specify that you are "letting". Depending on the context, the meaning will be hardly specified without it.

(C) を フランス に かせる。
I make or I let my son goes to France. (The context seems mean that you are "making", not "letting", though it's still unclear)

*It's not limited for ~てあげる, the variant ~てくれる/もらう can also be used.

-summarized from the grammar's discussion below and Meadowlake's post on Lang-8
6 years ago
 
Make (somebody) A, because of the subject; the object is caused to A

  1. Make (somebody) A, this is coercive or forced onto the object of the sentence.
  2. Allow (somebody) to A, this is permission from the subject to the object.
  3. Make (somebody) A, because of the subject; the object is caused to A
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Verb Forms!
11
     させる ため   バイト   わったら すぐ   して   
So your parents can be relieved, contact them soon after you finish your part-time job.
10
だいき        らなかった ので     とても   させました  
Daiki hasn't come back home in a week, so his parents are really worried.
1
           かせた  
He really surprised me with his actions.
1
  あの   まで  らせた   どう して です   
Why did you make him run to that store?
1
あの クラス   かにさせた   どうやって  
You made that class quiet down? How?

Getting the sentences
1. Determine if it's a godan or ichidan verb
How do I determine the type of the verb?
2. Conjugating the verbs
Godan verbs
1. Change the last character from it's 'u' form to the 'a' form.
む (mu) => ま (ma)
す (su) => さ (sa)
う (u) => わ (wa)
ぬ (nu) => な (na)
つ (tsu) => た (ta)
ぶ (bu) => ば (ba)
く (ku) => か (ka)
ぐ (gu) => が (ga)
る (ru) => ら (ra)
Ichidan verbs
1. Change the る from the end of the verb to さ (sa)

Special cases
1a. する (to do) is changed to さ.
1b. くる (to come) is changed to こさ.


2. Add せる to make the causative form.
Conjugation examples
Let's conjugate the godan verb く/かく (to write):
Basic Examples
Before we start: かく
1. か -> か
2. かか -> かかせる (to be made to write/to be allowed to write)

Now let's conjugate the verb べる/たべる (to eat), which is an ichidan verb:
Basic Examples
Before we start: たべる
1. たべ -> たべ
2. たべさ -> たべさせる (to be made to eat/to be allowed to eat)
Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
5

When using this construction to mean "Make (somebody) A; because of the subject, the object is caused to A" it is usually only used for emotional types of actions such as relief, worry, laugh, cry. excitement, etc.
For example:
って、をなかせました。
When the teacher got angry, he made me cry.
9 years ago
avatar Javona - Level 1

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 8
Studying: JPLT N1
Level: 1, : 221
Wouldn't the first model sentence in the first usage be more appropriate for the second usage? You aren't forcing the monkey to eat bananas, you're letting them eat bananas. So wouldn't that be the second usage?
2
10 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 51, : 4,874
I agree; that would be more appropriate. Thanks!
0
10 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 8
Studying: JLPT N2
Level: 1, : 146
When studying this with Genki, they described the format of these as:
directorは castに action
I found that helpful for using the grammar correctly.
4
10 years ago
guest
Unless your University uses Nakama, in which case it gets in depth with transitive and intransitive verb usage-in the case of using を/に for make-or let (though, the latter particle is used more frequently with the "let" meaning).
2
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Level: 1, : 555
A Japanese person explained to me that when we use this form for "Make (somebody) A; because of the subject, the object is caused to A" it is usually only used for emotional type actions such as relief, worry, laugh, cry. excitement, etc.
2
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 51, : 4,874
No way! *laughs* you can make someone do it, like..make them do their homework, or make them speak, etc (my job is showing here). I don't think it is a 'usually' thing. Wouldn't hurt to ask a teacher, although I'm on break right now.
1
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Level: 1, : 555
I think it is "causes it to happen" rather than "makes someone do it". Such as "caused me to laugh (although in English we would say someone "made us laugh"). It made sense to me when she explained it to me. Maybe I haven't explained it well.
0
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 51, : 4,874
I understand exactly what you're saying, so it isn't a lack in your explanation. The third definition on the page *does* cover the 'causes to happen' - if you'd like, you could add a usage note (that way, you get credit!) that gives the 'this is often used to cover emotional situations', and possible give a few examples.
0
9 years ago



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