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A is hard/difficult to do
14
サンダル        
It's hard to run in sandals.
8
   にとって    すごく       
For foreigners, it's really hard to write kanji.
16
ロシア       にくい  
Russian is very difficult to learn.
13
この       にくい  
This city is hard to live in.
16
あなた       にくい  
Your question is hard to answer.
12
あの       にくい  
He is hard to deal with.
3
この    パソコン  使      
This new computer is hard to use.
4
          しにくかった  
The teacher's explanation was poor and hard to understand.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Stem
にくい
Basic Examples:
にくい (hard to see)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
1

Beware that while みにくい means "hard to see", it also means "ugly", "unattractive", and "unsightly". So be careful.
9 years ago
Lang_learner - Level 1
4

Conjugates like an i-adjective. にくかった、etc.
12 years ago
avatar fareastfurfaro (Grammar mod.) - Level 1
5

Generally written out in hiragana.
12 years ago
avatar fareastfurfaro (Grammar mod.) - Level 1
Advanced notes

The object/item that is the topic of the sentence comes before the particle は (instead of elsewhere in the sentence).

フォーク  ラーメン        (unnatural)

ラーメン  フォーク         (fixed)

It's hard to eat ramen with a fork.
It's hard to eat ramen with a fork.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 2
Studying: JLPT 4
Level: 1, : 24
we don't use the dictonary form of the verb.not - くにくい It's the masu form such as きにくい。そうですね?
1
14 years ago (Edited 14 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
Sorry - the display was a little weird; it should look much better now.
0
14 years ago
avatar
Level: 1, : 113
If the verb you're using is usually in ている form, do you say ていにくい or use the base verb? Most don't make sense in ている form, but I could see saying "it's difficult to wear". きなのににくいです sounds like it's hard to put it on at school (which may be needed after gym class), and ていにくいです sounds like it's hard to wear to school (either for the embarrassment factor or the difficulty in maneuvering, take your pick). But is that right?

Also, it seems like whatever is hard to [insert verb here] is supposed to be the subject of the sentence - so ハイヒールできます becomes ハイヒールはきにくいです, yes? You might want to make that clear. And maybe change the format of the example's English translations to be more along the lines of "sandals are hard to run in" and "ramen is hard to eat with a fork." They mean approximately the same thing, but it helps remind that the subject of the sentence is what would normally be the object.
0
13 years ago (Edited 13 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
I'll check on the subject thingy. I guess the English translation will depend on that.

As for the ている thing, I have *never* heard it used with these suffixes; the base form is *always* used.
0
13 years ago
avatar
Level: 1, : 113
I suspected that might be the case. Thanks for the confirmation!
0
13 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 110, : 6,629
Talked to slicycheese - she said that (object)は is the most natural convention. I'll add it to the above description when I have some time, but for now, I thought that information would be of use.
0
13 years ago
Years Studied: 1
Studying: JLPT 4
Level: 1, : 28
How do I use a する verb with this? Nothing in my head seemed to sound right. しにくい?
0
13 years ago
avatar
Level: 1, : 113
そうですよ!
1
13 years ago



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