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If only A/B, then C
B is the last remaining condition for A before C becomes true/possible.

  1. If only A/B, then C
    B is the last remaining condition for A before C becomes true/possible.
  2. If only A occurs, then B
    A is the only action/issue that needs to occur for B to be true/occur.
14
あと    さえ あれば この ゾンビ  コスチューム       
If I only had 500 more yen, I could buy this zombie costume.
0
あの      さえ   すれば       のに  
I would have passed if only I had gotten that last question correct.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun さえ BVerb: ~ば (Conditional)
 
ANoun さえ Bい-adjective: ければ form
 
ANoun さえ Bな-adjective: なら form
 
ANoun さえ BNoun なら
 
 
CResult
Where this grammar is found


User notes
4
For the Noun さえ Verb/ば form, the さえ is usually replacing a direct object を marker.

さえめば - if only I read the book
12 years ago
avatar マイコー (Site admin) - Level 109
 
If only A occurs, then B
A is the only action/issue that needs to occur for B to be true/occur.

  1. If only A/B, then C
    B is the last remaining condition for A before C becomes true/possible.
  2. If only A occurs, then B
    A is the only action/issue that needs to occur for B to be true/occur.
11
  20    さえすれば きっと   になる   
If you only exercise twenty minutes a day, I'm sure you'll be healthy.
16
    さえ すれば この      できる はずだ  
You should be able to understand this problem if you only think for 10 seconds.
8
その           さえ すれば  その こと        
As long as I know the money is safe, I will not worry about it.
5
その    どんなに   であった    この      さえ すれば よい  
You have only to read this article to see how serious the accident was.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Stem さえ すれば
 
Aな-adjective に/でさえ あれば
 
Aい-adjective -い さえ あれば
 
ANoun さえ あれば
 
AVerb: て-form さえ いれば
 
 
BResults
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 500
Is there a difference between these two? They seem very similar aside from the use of a noun or a verb. I have two grammar books and the definitions in those books seem fairly different from each other so I'm not quite getting this grammar point.

Also, い-adjectives are base + くさえあれば and な-adjectives are base + でさえあれば. The Kanzen Master book also shows なければ forms for the adjectives as well.

According to the same book, nouns can also take these forms:
 + さえ + -ば
 + さえ + い-ければ
 + さえ + な-なら
 + さえ + +なら
0
13 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,622
There's a construction difference. The meaning is basically the same from what I understand.

I added the additional constructions, but I'm going to leave the two separated for now because the constructions are so different: the first set of usages involve 3 elements (A,B,C), whereas the second involves only 2. At some point in the future, I'll need to create a more complex explanation similar to pages like ている or たい.
0
13 years ago
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 500
Gotcha, thanks for clearing that up and updating the page.
0
13 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 99
Update on the second meaning:

I-adjective stem (-い) + く+ さえ
Noun + さえ
Noun + でさえ

1. がなくなれば、はネズミさえべる。
2. あんなにでさえできなかったんですよ。 (Unicom)
1
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,622
Thanks, added!
0
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 99
I think I mixed (my comment) up with this grammar point:
http://www.renshuu.org/index.php?page=grammar/individual&id=186

Because it's only Noun + さえ/でさえ, without the すれば following after
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 99
If I follow Unicom, it says for this grammar point (さえ‾ば) the construction should be:

ますstem form verb + さえすれば
Noun + さえ + ば form verb

I-adjective stem (-い) + く+ さえあれば
Na-adjective + で + さえあれば

(1) 調べさえすれば、すぐかることです。
(2) かけがしくさえあれば、はどうでもいいとうんですか。
(3) でさえあれば、はかにはまない。
(4) さえめば、いつでもける。
0
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,622
Should "I-adjective stem (-い) + く+ さえ" go onto the other page?
0
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 99
Hmm, I'm not really sure anymore. Because in the grammar book under ‾(で)さえ it says the formation is
ますstem form verb + さえすれば
I-adjective stem (-い) + く+ さえ
Noun + さえ
Noun + でさえ
0
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,622
Alright, I've cleaned up both this page and the other one you referenced - everything should be good now. It looks like the grammar book you're using blends the two, although I really feel like the two pages should be separate. This one focuses on 'if only', while the other one focus on 'even' (a stronger form of も/でも/にも)
0
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 99
You're right. ^^
0
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 99
In the new grammar book by Unicom (Bun no Rule) the construction has slightly changed. It's now:

ますstem form verb + さえ‾ば
い adjective (-い) + く+ さえ‾ば
な adjective + に + さえ‾ば
Noun + さえ‾ば
な adjective / Noun + でさえあれば
て form verb + さえいれば

にさえてば、にはまないものだよね。
0
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 109, : 6,622
Added them!
0
12 years ago



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