Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


 
Should do A; Must do A

  1. Should do A; Must do A
  2. Should not do A; Must not do A
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Verb Helpers II!
まいにちわら べきだ  おも  
I think one should smile every day.
11
       べき   
You should eat 3 meals a day.
4
             より   すべき   
Since I failed the exam last time, I really need to study more than before!
16
             ある べき   
Elementary school teachers should be kind and energetic.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Dictionary Form べき
 
すべき
 
 
Basic Examples:
べきだ (must read)

すべき (must exercise)

Notes
するべき is written as すべき (not in spoken, but written form).
Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

Originally a literary language, but now it is used in both written and spoken languages
3 years ago
まさむね123 - Level 1
 
Should not do A; Must not do A

  1. Should do A; Must do A
  2. Should not do A; Must not do A
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Verb Helpers II!
9
     タバコ    べき ではありません  
You shouldn't smoke in front of children.
5
         べきではない   
Green tea should not be made with boiling water.
3
         べきではない  
Student's should not neglect their studies.
3
    なら     まで    べき じゃない   
If you failed you shouldn't give up until you succeed.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Dictionary Form
べき
ない
Basic Examples:
べきではない (must not steal)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 503
I've been looking around and it seems like するべき is also correct. There are literally millions of examples of it on the Internet (not always a good way to deduce things, I know) and my grammar books all say it as well.

http://oshiete1.watch.impress.co.jp/qa5035889.html makes it sound like すべき is a more formal version of it. Anyone have any other input on this?
0
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 122, : 6,898
Checked with a native, and you were write that すべき tends to appear in writing, while するべき is used more often in speech. She also looked at that webpage you linked, and while the user talked a lot about nuance, that nuance could just as easily be reversed or not even noticed depending on who you talk to (and where you are).
1
12 years ago
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 503
Ah, interesting. Thanks for clearing that up.
0
12 years ago
Studying: Until I'm satisfied.
Level: 1, : 141
If studying classical Japanese, this form comes from the classical auxiliary verb べし
1
11 years ago
avatar
Grammar mod. Level: 1, : 503
Never heard that before, nice.
0
11 years ago
Years Studied: 2 years
Studying: Grammar and vocabulary
Level: 1, : 56
What is the difference between this grammar point and はず when referring to what someone should do? Also what is the difference between this grammar point and ないとだめ, when referring to something you must or should do? Thanks in advance! :D
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: Never enough!
Studying:
Level: 28, : 565
はず is used more to show expectation. In English, we could say something like "She should have arrived by now," but this is the expectation (はず) "should", not the obligation (べき) "should". ないとだめ isn't too formal - it's interchangeable with なければだめ and なくちゃだめ and so on - but べき is quite formal. I'd say that べき is also used more for universal rules (students should study), whereas ないとだめ could be used in reference to individuals ([i]you[/i] need to study.)
3
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 122, : 6,898
I hear べき used a lot when teachers are lecturing students about studying hard, doing their homework...really, any kind of guidance/
1
9 years ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana