Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


 
During A
The phrase that follows is a continuous action that continues during the period/action A. This differs from に (show below), which shows a single, instantaneous action that occurs before the time frame ends.

  1. During A
    The phrase that follows is a continuous action that continues during the period/action A. This differs from に (show below), which shows a single, instantaneous action that occurs before the time frame ends.
  2. During A (before A is finished/over)
    The phrase that follows に is a single action that occurs during A; specifically, before A finishes. This differs from (show above), which shows a continuous action that occurs during the entirety of the action A.
11
           テレビ         
My brother was watching TV while I was cooking dinner.
8
                    
I went fishing with my friend every day during the spring break.
10
            その    ずっと        
The student slept the entire time the principal was talking.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
 
AVerb: Dictionary Form
 
AVerb: て-form いる
 
Aい-adjective
 
Aな-adjective
 
 
Similar grammar
~ながら's meaning/usage is very similar to ~. While ながら requires the subject/actors in the first and second half of the sentence to be the same thing, does not have this restriction.
Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

このとかべんきょうしないとしっぱいするおそれがあるかもしれません。
9 years ago
ayumi - Level 1
0

このとかべんきょうしないとしっぱいするおそれがあるかもしれません。
9 years ago
ayumi - Level 1
 
During A (before A is finished/over)
The phrase that follows に is a single action that occurs during A; specifically, before A finishes. This differs from (show above), which shows a continuous action that occurs during the entirety of the action A.

  1. During A
    The phrase that follows is a continuous action that continues during the period/action A. This differs from に (show below), which shows a single, instantaneous action that occurs before the time frame ends.
  2. During A (before A is finished/over)
    The phrase that follows に is a single action that occurs during A; specifically, before A finishes. This differs from (show above), which shows a continuous action that occurs during the entirety of the action A.
4
                    
I am going to visit my friend at sometime during the spring break (before the spring break is over).
7
             その            
The student ran away sometime while the principal was talking.
4
ケイト         ボブ  メアリ      
While Kate was waiting, she saw Bob and Mary.
7
その            
In the meantime she began to cry.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
 
AVerb: Dictionary Form
 
AVerb: て-form いる
 
Aな-adjective
 
Aい-adjective
 
 
Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 5
Studying: JLPT N1
Level: 1, : 648
There is another construction possible both in and in に:

Na-Adjective + な + (に)

かなに、きました。
2
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 68, : 5,802
Thanks, added (went ahead and added the い-adjective forms as well)
1
11 years ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana