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Must do A
These are shortened forms of ないといけない and なくてはならない.
14
             しない     
If you're going to get married, Mr. Yamada, you'll have to stop smoking.
10
                   
I have to tidy up my room before the guests come over.
11
       使              
I have to be careful so as to not overuse the AC during the summer.
10
  までに あの      しない   
I have to email that person by next week!

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: ない form
Basic Examples:
がない (must hurry)

AVerb: ない form
-い
くちゃ\きゃ
Basic Examples:
なきゃ (must come)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
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Stupie
Level: 87
(9 months ago)

ないと/なくちゃ/なきゃ=မ V လို့မရဘူး

0
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Anonymous123
Level: 1213
(1 year ago)

なくちゃ sometimes gets written as なくっちゃ

3

Discussion about this grammar
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mysticfive
Level: 1625
~きゃ is used in the same way as ~くちゃ (かなきゃ etc)
8
13 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Good point, forgot about my favorite form!
1
13 years ago
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narushisuto
Level: 1
I'm not sure if I'm just stupid right now, but shouldn't it be なきゃ instead of くななきこ (at least that's what it says for me as an example)?
0
11 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Are you referring to the example that appears in the construction version? Is it shown in only hiragana (no kanji)?
0
11 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1625
I'm seeing the example bit reading きゃ, actually - although it says なきゃ where I entered it in!
0
11 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
mystic: do you have it forced to show all kanji in settings?
0
11 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
I was able to reproduce the くなきゃ issue, and it should be resolved. Edit: sorry, only half fixed. Second Edit: should be fully fixed.
0
11 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1625
マイコー I do have it set to force-show kanji; I was more worried about the extra な that snuck in there - seems to be gone though!
0
11 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Yea - when I first replied, I didn't even see the double な, just the く, which is why I replied the way I did. Anyways, should all be good, now!
0
11 years ago
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Erin88
Level: 44

How would you use this in a past tense?

"Yesterday, I had to go to school."

0
3 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265

Well, this page is the contracted form of the ないといけない / なければならない, so using this in past tense would require the longer form:

かなければならなかった。

Hope this helps!

1
3 years ago
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