Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


Must do A
These are shortened forms of ないといけない and なくてはならない.
5
    なら        しない     
If you're going to get married, Mr. Yamada, you'll have to stop smoking.
6
                   
I have to tidy up my room before the guests come over.
6
  エアコン  使              
I have to be careful so as to not overuse the AC during the summer.
5
  までに あの   メール しない   
I have to email that person by next week!

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: ない form
Basic Examples:
がない (must hurry)

AVerb: ない form
-い
くちゃ\きゃ
Basic Examples:
なきゃ (must come)

Where this grammar is found


User notes

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 1074, : 5,112
~きゃ is used in the same way as ~くちゃ (かなきゃ etc)
6
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 159, : 7,649
Good point, forgot about my favorite form!
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: ぐらい
Level: 1, : 0
I'm not sure if I'm just stupid right now, but shouldn't it be なきゃ instead of くななきこ (at least that's what it says for me as an example)?
0
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 159, : 7,649
Are you referring to the example that appears in the construction version? Is it shown in only hiragana (no kanji)?
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 1074, : 5,112
I'm seeing the example bit reading きゃ, actually - although it says なきゃ where I entered it in!
0
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 159, : 7,649
mystic: do you have it forced to show all kanji in settings?
0
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 159, : 7,649
I was able to reproduce the くなきゃ issue, and it should be resolved. Edit: sorry, only half fixed. Second Edit: should be fully fixed.
0
9 years ago (Edited 9 years ago.)
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 1074, : 5,112
マイコー I do have it set to force-show kanji; I was more worried about the extra な that snuck in there - seems to be gone though!
0
9 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 159, : 7,649
Yea - when I first replied, I didn't even see the double な, just the く, which is why I replied the way I did. Anyways, should all be good, now!
0
9 years ago
Level: 43, : 1

How would you use this in a past tense?

"Yesterday, I had to go to school."

0
1 year ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 159, : 7,649

Well, this page is the contracted form of the ないといけない / なければならない, so using this in past tense would require the longer form:

かなければならなかった。

Hope this helps!

1
1 year ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana