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It seems/looks like A
  1. It seems/looks like A
  2. As A; Like A
    This is the adverbial form of ようだ.
かれ なや    ようです   だいじょう   
He seems to be worrying. I wonder if he's OK.
16
         よう   
He looks a bit tired.
12
メグ               よう   
Meg looks pleased with her new dress.
15
        こと     よう   
It looks as if you're right.
16
       あまり しなかった よう    
Looks like you didn't study much for the test.
12
まるで      よう   
She looks as if she is drunk.
14
あまり       よう    
You don't look so healthy.
8
この         ようです   
This cake looks like it was handmade.
5
この         ようです  
It appears as if this milk has been watered down.
8
この     ようです  
It looks as if this child is lost.
7
     ようだ  
Looks like it'll be sunny tomorrow.
5
あの          ようだ   
That lake is big so it's like an ocean.

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Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Casual
 
Aい adjective
 
Aな adjective
 
ANoun
 
 
ようだ/な
Basic Examples:
ような (like (she's) crying)

おいしいよう (it seems tasty)

きれいなような (seems pretty)

よう (like a doll)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
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ライアン (Ryan)
Level: 359
(1 month ago)

It seems like ようだ requires the use of の when used with a noun, while らしい does not.
Similarly, な adjectives need the な for ようだ, but aren't needed when using らしい.

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ジェシ
Level: 1
(8 years ago)
from what I know the だ in おいしいようだ states that it appears to BE tasty. Aka, it apparently is tasty. Thus it isn't really used since it sounds rude. If you want to say "it looks tasty", then we would use しそう.
I'm not an expert but I do know ようだ is not always used with いadjectives like the example above.

This grammar is difficult because it tends to be translated into the same thing in English so at times making it more difficult to identify whether this is hearsay or similarities. I think it would help if we think about ようだ as : "looks like it's ~, appears to be ~, seems like ~".

Feel free to add to my point if there is an error.
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Advanced notes
The forms above な-adjectives and nouns are only for present tense. When used in past tense, the adjective/noun should be in past tense, followed by ようだ.
Nouns

この       カレー  よう   (correct)

This dish is like Japanese curry.

           カレー    よう   (correct)

The dish I had yesterday was like Japanese curry.
な-adjectives

この       よう   (correct)

This test seems tough.

           よう   (correct)

The test last week seemed tough.
 
As A; Like A
This is the adverbial form of ようだ.
  1. It seems/looks like A
  2. As A; Like A
    This is the adverbial form of ようだ.
6
       のように                    
Ms. Tanaka applied the address stickers quickly and accurately like a machine.
6
          ように     
Mr. Tanaka (upperclassmen) looks like he doesn't feel well or something.
7
この       のように            
This thread is thin like a piano wire so be careful.

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Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
よう
BAdjective or Verb
Basic Examples:
ちゃんのように (light as a baby)

Aな-adjective
よう
BAdjective or Verb
Basic Examples:
きなようにする (do as one likes)

Aい-adjective
よう
BAdjective or Verb
Basic Examples:
ようえる (looks (as if it's) cheap)

AVerb: Casual
よう
BAdjective or Verb
Basic Examples:
ってるよう (talk like (he's) angry)

ANoun
よう
な/だ
Aな-adjective
よう
な/だ
Aい-adjective
よう
な/だ
AVerb: Casual
よう
な/だ
Notes
Nouns, adjectives, and verbs can also be in past tense (in front of ように).
Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes

Discussion about this grammar
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Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 102
Isn't it na-adjective (+な) + よう + copula? + な + ようだ。→ ではないようだ (Unicom grammar)

Noun + のよう + copula is only for present tense. For all other tenses it's Noun + よう + copula.
あの + の + ようだ。→ でなないようだ
はそのだったようだ。→
はそのではなかったようだ

Same rule applies to the na-adjectives.
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13 years ago (Edited 13 years ago.)
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Site admin
Level: 168, : 8,124
Sorry for the late reply - I wanted to do some confirmation myself before I adjusted this.

1. Fixed the na-adjective entry.
2. Added notes about the present/past tense.

If you have some time, try suggestng some model sentences (there's a small form below the model sentence that allows you to search the site's database to find sentences) - that would help me fill out the number of examples so users can understand more easily. If you have some time to do this, I'd be really happy :)
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13 years ago
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Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 102
No problem. :)

I'm still a bit insecure to actually write my own sentences. ^^;;
After I study some more I'll start working on it because I know it's necessary to pass the level I'm currently at.
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13 years ago
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Site admin
Level: 168, : 8,124
Well, what I was referring to is not writing your own sentences, but just picking ones out from the 100,000+ sentences in the site's library. Click on the 'model sentence' tab above here and you'll see the search form. Then, you just have to search for something like "ようだった" (just a piece of Japanese is fine) to get sentences that look good for the grammar point.
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13 years ago
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Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 102
Okay, got it!
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13 years ago
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Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 102
Maybe it's just me, but for some reason whenever I try to search for model sentences, I often get "There are no example sentences for this search string."
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13 years ago
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Site admin
Level: 168, : 8,124
Yea, I apologize for that; try it now!
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13 years ago
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Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT 3, university japanese exam
Level: 3, : 17
Hi, I have a big problem: It is seriously difficult to me to find the difference between そうだ, ようだ e らしい. Can you give me some tips about it?
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9 years ago
Studying: Until I'm satisfied.
Level: 1, : 142
Maybe this blog post will help? Jpn version: http://nihongodaybyday.blogspot.com/2013_02_01_archive.html English version: http://nihognodaybydayenglish.blogspot.jp/2013/07/sou-rashii-you-and-mitai.html
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9 years ago
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Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT 3, university japanese exam
Level: 3, : 17
[quote author=lilisin link=topic_id=4929&post_id=30387#rmsg_30387 date=1379541246]Maybe this blog post will help? Jpn version: http://nihongodaybyday.blogspot.com/2013_02_01_archive.html English version: http://nihognodaybydayenglish.blogspot.jp/2013/07/sou-rashii-you-and-mitai.html[/quote] thanks a lot!!!
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9 years ago
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Years Studied: Many on and off
Studying: N2
Level: 825, : 4,064

Looking through my textbook I find that #2 is incomplete. It also works with ようだ and ような.

くて、のようだ。

のようなている

My textbook says it's used to liken sth. which is different from #1, I think.
Correct me if I'm wrong, but I need to know how to handle this in the grammar lists.

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3 years ago
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Site admin
Level: 168, : 8,124

You are correct! Just added them.

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3 years ago
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Years Studied: Many on and off
Studying: N2
Level: 825, : 4,064

Erm... You added だ/に instead of だ/な. lol

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3 years ago
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Site admin
Level: 168, : 8,124

Fixed it!

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3 years ago
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Years Studied: Many on and off
Studying: N2
Level: 825, : 4,064

Now you changed it to な/に. に is the one that was originally there...

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3 years ago



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