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test
 


 
Since A; As A
  1. Since A; As A
  2. A, then B
    Used to show a sequence of events.
  3. A and B
    The て/で can be used to link several adjectives/nouns describing the same noun.
  4. Do B by means of A
47
   オバケ                    
Since my younger brother is scared of ghosts he can't go to the bathroom alone at night.
22
                      
Since I drank sour milk last week I had a stomachache.
16
                
Unfortunately, I overslept and was late for the appointment.
15
   あって       しています  
Because of an accident the traffic is tied up.
19
この                   
Since this medicine is bitter children don't like taking it.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
Dict. Form
Conjugated
げる
げて
して
って
いて
くる
きて
んで
Dict. Form
Conjugated
って
って
んで
んで
そぐ
そいで
する
して
Irregular Form(s)
く (いく)
って
AVerb: ない form
-い
くて
Basic Examples:
なくて (Since (I'm) not eating)

Aい-adjective
-い
くて
Basic Examples:
しくて (because (she's) busy)

Aな-adjective
-な
Basic Examples:
(because (it's) famous)

Notes
The subject's intentions/volition cannot be given after this form.
Where this grammar is found


User notes
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Level:
(12 years ago)
This usage of て is kind of a more limited form of ので/から.

Don't use it for consequences that are in the past or future.

Ex:
めて、りました。------- Awkward
めたので、りました。------- Better

Use it for consequences that occur simultaneously with the reason.

Ex:
くて、えません。------- The fog is thick, so I can't see the road.
19
 
A, then B
Used to show a sequence of events.
  1. Since A; As A
  2. A, then B
    Used to show a sequence of events.
  3. A and B
    The て/で can be used to link several adjectives/nouns describing the same noun.
  4. Do B by means of A
10
               
I studied and watched TV yesterday.
9
                   
Today I went and bought a notebook and started to study.
10
         ゴミ       
I'll clean my room and take out the trash tomorrow.

Getting the sentences
List
て form
You’ve been doing so well with these lessons, it’s time for something new! In this lesson, we will learn a new verb form, usually called the て form, that has a variety of uses.
Conjugation
たべるたべて
みるみて
ねるねて
いるいて
くるきて
するして
The first thing we’ll talk about is how to make the て form. Just like with the ます forms that we talked about earlier, you will need to know if the verb you’re dealing with is an Ichidan, Godan, or one of our two irregular verbs.
The first thing we’ll talk about is how to make the て form. Just like with the ます forms that we talked about earlier, you will need to know if the verb you’re dealing with is an Ichidan, Godan, or one of our two irregular verbs.
For Ichidan verbs, creating the て form is very straightforward: you find the verb stem by removing the る, and then you will add て.
All Ichidan verbs will work in this way.
The two irregular verbs, くる and する, actually follow a similar pattern here.
Since the ます form of くる and する are きます and します, think of き and し as the verb ‘stems’.
So the て form of these two verbs are きて and して, respectively.
まつまって
のむのんで
かくかいて
はなすはなして
For Godan verbs, the て form conjugation depends on the last character of the dictionary verb. They will divide into four groups.
For Godan verbs, the て form conjugation depends on the last character of the dictionary verb. They will divide into four groups.
If a verb ends in う、つ、or る (for example: あう, まつ, or とる), you will drop the last character and add って.
So あう will become あって, まつ becomes まって, とる becomes とって, and so on.
If a verb ends in む、ぶ、or ぬ (for example: のむ, よぶ, or しぬ), you will drop the last character and add んで.
So のむ will become のんで, よぶ becomes よんで, しぬ becomes しんで, etc.
If a verb ends with く (or ぐ) (for example: かく, きく, or およぐ), you will drop the last character and add いて (or いで if it ended in ぐ).
So かく will become かいて, きく becomes きいて, and およぐ will become およいで.
There is one exception to this rule, and it is the verb いく - it doesn’t become いいて、 but instead it changes to いって.
Lastly, if a verb ends in す (like はなす or けす), you will drop the last character and add して.
So はなす will become はなして, and けす becomes けして.
ほん よんで ねます
きのう おおさか いって ばんごはん たべました
Up until now, we have only used one verb in a sentence, but what if you do multiple actions? That is where the て form comes in: it links two or more verbs to describe several activities.
Up until now, we have only used one verb in a sentence, but what if you do multiple actions? That is where the て form comes in: it links two or more verbs to describe several activities.
The て form kind of acts like the English phrase “and then” here: I did this thing, and then I did that thing. We use the て form and not particle と that we already learned because と can only link two nouns.
Using this pattern of Verb 1 て Verb 2 shows us that one action was completed, and then the second. So if you are going to read a book and go to bed, you would say this.
The actions can be closely related like the above sentence, or more loosely. You could list all the things you did in one day just by using the て form! The last verb in the sentence will be conjugated like normal, and will show the tense for all of the actions.
For example, if you went to Osaka yesterday and ate dinner there, you could use this sentence.
This is just one usage for this very versatile verb form! Take a look at the next few lessons for more ways to use the て form.
This is just one usage for this very versatile verb form! Take a look at the next few lessons for more ways to use the て form.
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: て-form
BVerb: Casual
Basic Examples:
きて (wake up then run)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
 
A and B
The て/で can be used to link several adjectives/nouns describing the same noun.
  1. Since A; As A
  2. A, then B
    Used to show a sequence of events.
  3. A and B
    The て/で can be used to link several adjectives/nouns describing the same noun.
  4. Do B by means of A
この         おいし    
This ice cream is huge and looks great!
18
あたり             なりました  
In the evening, the area became cold and dark.
11
       たくましい  
He is tall and strong.
10
              
Dad is cool and clever!

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
Aい-adjective
-い
くて
Basic Examples:
くてしい (cute and nice)

Aな-adjective
-な
Basic Examples:
(unskillful and clumsy)

ANoun
Where this grammar is found


User notes
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マイコー
Level: 265
(9 years ago)
The adjective いい is special, and takes the よい form when being changed to て-form, becoming よくて.
0
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kowyinfoong
Level: 1
(10 years ago)
dfficult
-9
 
Do B by means of A
  1. Since A; As A
  2. A, then B
    Used to show a sequence of events.
  3. A and B
    The て/で can be used to link several adjectives/nouns describing the same noun.
  4. Do B by means of A
3
ラーメン    使        
I eat ramen with chopsticks (lit: by using chopsticks).
1
                 ください  
If you know the answer, please let me know by raising your hand.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: て-form
BVerb
Basic Examples:
いて ((I) went to the park on foot (by walking))

Where this grammar is found


User notes

Discussion about this grammar
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elsiemarley
Level: 1
Maybe you should add "A, and then B" or "A, and so B" (the first one possibly as a separate usage) since this is so often used just to say that something happened, and then another thing happened, without necessarily having the connotation of "because".

Also used when describing something with more than one adjective, as one user example shows!
9
15 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Thanks, added them!
2
15 years ago
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In the first usage, I think you should add an example of the non-negative て-form. The way it is now is confusing. Also, I was tought that you could end a て form sequence with the formal form, is that incorrect?
0
11 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
We are working to expand the examples out on the entire grammar library :). When you say formal form, could you give me a short example?
0
11 years ago
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shirokitsune
Level: 1023
You have it listed as "Since A, as A." Shouldn't be like "Since A, B"?
0
10 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
With that particular construction, I didn't add the B part, so it is left as just A :)
0
10 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1625
maybe it's confusing with commas - what if you separated the meanings with semicolons instead so if there's a comma within one definition, it won't be taken as multiples?
0
10 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Sounds good to me; changed!
0
10 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1625
I'm just seeing the semicolon after the first definition: "Since A; As A, A, then B, A and B" I was saying between each definition: "Since A; As A; A, then B; A and B" - would separate the one usage that actually does use a comma (A, then B) without making it seem like a random B occurrence or something.
0
10 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Hmm...I'm no longer quite sure I am seeing what you are seeing; mind sending me a screenshot?
1
10 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1625
[url=http://i.imgur.com/ao3kETq.jpg][img]http://i.imgur.com/ao3kETq.jpg[/img][/url]
0
10 years ago
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shirokitsune
Level: 1023
Thanks guys I am sorry but it just was a little confusing to me that there were two definitions in the title. The Semicolon idea was great Mystic and great job with the quick fix マイコー
0
10 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Fixed the secondary issue. Please confirm!
0
10 years ago
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shirokitsune
Level: 1023
On mine it seems fine. Although I am using the beta so I don't know about normal.
0
10 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Everyone in this discussion is beta :)
0
10 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1625
that makes the English teacher in me much happier ;) ... can that be put on all grammar pages between each usage? (ok that's probably way too much manual labor to appease one grammar nazi...)
0
10 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
For the screenshot you gave, it is an automatic change, so it was instantly applied to all pages.
1
10 years ago
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Level:
There's one more exception for the て form: いい (good) becomes よくて.
0
9 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Added a usage note for it!
0
9 years ago
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vesterpop
Level: 1

I recently saw the usage "れてのになります” ("The attendance will be late," or "I'll be late.")


Can someone explain the usage of "~ての~

0
7 years ago
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Level: 1

The て in れて makes it a gerund; のhere is an attributive "The being late of attendance will come to be." or in smoother English, "Attendance will be delayed."

1
7 years ago
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まさむね123
Level: 1
I see similarities between 1 of て, で/て and 5 of で (https://www.renshuu.org/gramma...). The only difference is the definition used and verb / noun. Same with 3 of て, で/て and 6 of で


0
5 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265
Sorry for the delay - I needed to look into it.

You are right - they are basically the same. Most grammar pages started with one definition, and more got added over time (organically). So, there was not a master list of grammar in which everything got divided.

Given that they all have sentences attached to them already, I think leaving it as is will make the information the most accessible to users.
0
5 years ago
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|マルコ|
Level: 110

The Te for construction table above can be improved in my opinion, the first change would be to move くる out of the way because right now is surrounded by godan verbs and that is confusing for mental organization.
I've reordered them using my mental scheme of those, hope it helps:
---------------------------------------------------

Ichidan Verb:
remove ru, add て
あげる - あげて
---------------------------------------------------
Godan Verbs:
u/ru/tsu ending -> って:
かう - かって
とる - とって
もつ - もって

bu/nu/mu ending ->んで:
とぶ - とんで
しぬ - しんで
よむ - よんで

ku -> いて gu -> いで:
かく  - かいて
いそぐ - いそいで

su -> して:
おす - おして

---------------------------------------------------
Exception verbs below

2
3 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265

Thanks! Right now, all conjugations follow the same format, which I agree is not ideal. If you know enough about html/css to edit what is already on the page, I can replace it for you, but at the moment, I'm really tied up with the grammar expressions quizzing expansion :(

2
3 years ago
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|マルコ|
Level: 110

This usage below is missing:
(D) A1 is the means by which someone does A2 or the manner in which someone does A2, ex: "いてった。" (I went home on foot)

Also I suggest changing the title of this section to Te-form, because currently is called て/で and it might create confusion with the で particle

0
3 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265

Added! Sorry for the wait.

1
2 years ago
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|マルコ|
Level: 110

This probably happened by mistake, but this grammar point page lost its "title". Searching for て in the grammar library will bring up this grammar point with an "invisible title" or no title at all.

0
2 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 265

Fixed it, thanks!

1
2 years ago
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