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At A; in A
Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
きょう みせ VR  たいけん できた  
I got to try VR at the store today!
26
         する         
My dream is to mingle at a mixed-gender Japanese onsen.
21
パリ        しました  
I kissed my girlfriend in Paris.
26
                 
During summer vacation, I worked at a convenience store.
13
                     
I met a dear friend of mine at a supermarket nearby.
10
         されました  
I was scouted in Shibuya, Tokyo.
6
          したい      ! 
I'd like to do a joke now (here)!
6
あそこ      おしゃべり             
We became engrossed in our conversation over there.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (location)
Basic Examples:
レストランべる (eat at a restaurant)

Notes
Shows where A takes place
Where this grammar is found


User notes
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mysticfive
Level: 1657
(14 years ago)
In this grammar pattern with places, in contrast with using に (where the verb is usually only passive or showing existence), when using で there needs to be an action taking place. For example レストランにいます (I am at the restaurant) vs レストランでべています (I am eating at the restaurant).
31
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jacekh
Level: 1
(15 years ago)
Compare also to the use of に as a place marker (like in む).
2
 
For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
14
この      んで     
Please read this book in three days.
8
    100          います  
There are people who read over a hundred books a month.
9
この 宿                
I plan on finishing this homework in an hour.
3
ほたる                   
Fireflies emerge into the open and die after a few days.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (length/amount)
Basic Examples:
(for 4 years)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
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Level:
(3 years ago)
The particleで will allow us to know the context in wich the action take place 
example: くるまでる = I drove home
0
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まさむね123
Level: 1
(5 years ago)
This usage can be linked to につき (2). The particle で can be replaced by につき, if the relation between the basic amount and the associated amount is fixed. につき is more formal than で

このページでいします。
We will pay 2.000 yen per page for this translation.
0
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IJamLegend
Level: 1
(10 years ago)
When used with time, it has the nuance of "over the course of (and no longer)"
e.g. った。It took (me) 2 years to learn Japanese.
3
avatar
Level:
(13 years ago)
In general, で indicates scope when it follows quantity words. In addition to the 'length of time' usage, it is also often used to indicate how much something costs:


500える ----- books that can be bought for 500 yen

If で follows other counter words, it identifies that number of objects or people as the amount included:

った ---- went to the beach as a group of four people

で2500 ---- five books for 2500 yen
5
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マイコー
Level: 272
(14 years ago)
When using a length of time, that's the duration of the action, not "after (period of time), the action will occur".

(incorrect) でアメリカにきます > I will go to America in 5 months.
(ok!) でアメリカにいました. > I was in America for 5 months.

(incorrect) かけます > I will leave in an hour.
(correct) (ご)でかけます> I will leave after an hour.
15
 
Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
てんしゃ  もの    
I went shopping by bike.
33
          
I ate sashimi with chopsticks.
13
                  
Yesterday、I saw a movie on TV at my house.
20
                 
I want to talk to my Japanese friends using the Japanese language.
8
       もらいました  
I had (them) take me by car today.
-1
  まで            
9
          します  
I talk to her in Japanese.
10
あなた のこと              
I heard about you from talking with my father.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (Object/Tool/Event)
BAction
Basic Examples:
(go by train)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
 
Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
これ  わら つく       
This is made with straw.
10
      コーヒー      
I made coffee with mountain spring water.
5
あの        できています  
That temple is made completely of wood.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (Material)
Basic Examples:
できた (made of wood)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
alekth
Level: 20
(13 years ago)
で is used when the material something is made of is obvious. When the materials are not obvious, から is used instead.
When the statement is about something specific, the verb form できている is used, whereas for generic statements できる is used.
E.g.
そのでできている。 This box is made of wood.
でできる。 Swords are made of steel.
からできる。 Paper is made from wood.
このワインはカシスからできている。 This wine is made from black currant.
18
 
Because of A; Due to A
  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
8
すみません             
Sorry, the train was late because of the snow.
8
               
Today, fireworks will be set off because of the summer festival.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
Basic Examples:
(because of snow)

Aな-adjective
Basic Examples:
(because (it's) unhygenic)

Aい-adjective
-い
くて
Basic Examples:
しくて (because (I'm) busy)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
 
Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
10
         
He is strong and healthy.
6
            
Ms. Yamada is a kind and beautiful person.
8
     ある             
The church in the outskirts of town is grand and wonderful.
8
                   なる  
When the parade starts the streets become lively and spectacular!

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
 
Aな-adjective
 
 
Basic Examples:
きれい (clean and wide)

Where this grammar is found


User notes

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Ryanmatsua
Level: 1
There is also another way to use で。It means that you did something using another thing. Ex:

I'll read it with (using) a dictionary -> む。
I came from school by car -> からた。
5
15 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
Thanks, added it. I'll add some model sentences later, but you can go ahead and put in your own user sentences.
2
15 years ago
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jacekh
Level: 1
The construction examples are quite misleading though - in meaning #2, they'd stand for "in a cat" and "in a meal", while in the second one "with a cat" (=I did sth using the cat / with the cat) and "with a meal".

I'd suggest some other examples, say: "で" ("in Japan") for the #1, "ナイフで" ("with a knife", like in "I cut the meat with a knife") for #2.
1
15 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
Yea - I might need to remove those completely until I can get a fresh list. Right now, if it's a 'noun' in the construction, the same nouns are used regardless of the grammar point; same goes with verbs and adjectives. Let me think on that as to what the best way to continue would be. Thanks!
2
15 years ago
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outsider
Level: 1
で also shows the cause (んだ。)
and the material (いすはっています。)
1
14 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
Added them. Thanks!!
1
14 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
Ah, and the kanji in your first sentence is off:
んだ。
should be
んだ。
2
14 years ago
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outsider
Level: 1
sorry I wasn't paying attention.
1
14 years ago
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looh
Level: 16
I heard that で is also the て form of nouns and な-adjectives, like when listing multiple occurrences:

さんはちで、かっこよくて、ですね。(Seen here: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/compound)
0
14 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
Quite true - added it! It'll probably also get added when i eventually get around to noun/adjective types, but it definitely also belongs here. Thanks!
0
14 years ago
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テリフン
Level: 1
For the second meaning, how would one link い-Adjs with な-Adjs and Nouns? The い-Adjs use the ーくて, right? So, would this work? ...おいしくてきれいでおもしろいです。
0
12 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1657
absolutely! That works just fine ^.^
1
12 years ago
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テリフン
Level: 1
Oh, good! :D Thank you!
0
12 years ago
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Level:

I was thinking about usage 5, about how it would work with verbs...You can make a verb into a noun by adding の to its stem form -- べるの = eating -- so you could say "because of A" by adding で to that...and I already knew that ので is basically a polite form of から! IT ALL MAKES SENSE

1
9 years ago
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Karlla
Level: 892
Which category does this sentence fall into?
ボランティアをした。
To me it feels close to #3, but is clearly not an object. So I'm uncertain, where to put it.
0
5 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 272
I think object should be a suggestion, not a requirement. It's more a tool (physical or otherwise) with which an action is completed.
1
5 years ago
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Kalamisanos
Level: 74

The more I look at my answer, the more I think it is wrong.

I even put it in Google translate (I know, not the best but still) and I couldn't see how it came up with the sentence "Rika studied movies in English".

Can someone please explain it to me?


Also.. is this the correct place to ask this question? I don't want to make new topics needlesly.

0
1 year ago
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マイコー
Level: 272

1. You are more than welcome to put questions about the grammar here. If you are pointing out an issue with a question, you can also use the ? button at the top (while in a quiz) to send in a report that way.

2. The jumble question system is built in a way to be as flexible as possible when accepting answers. However, it is occasionally *too* flexible, and that is definitely what is happening here. I'll make an adjustment to the system to this doesn't happen again. Thanks for pointing it out!

1
1 year ago
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Level: 91

のことしたいです。

Does this usage come under #5?

0
11 months ago
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マイコー
Level: 272

I want to say yes, but I'm not 100% on it. It's definitely the reason for you wanting to consult with (them).

1
11 months ago
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