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At A; in A
Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.

  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Basic Particles I (Locations)!
きょう みせ VR  たいけん できた  
I got to try VR at the store today!
18
         する      です  
My dream is to mingle at a mixed-gender Japanese onsen.
16
パリ     キス  しました  
I kissed my girlfriend in Paris.
16
      コンビニ        
During summer vacation, I worked at a convenience store.
9
   スーパー               
I met a dear friend of mine at a supermarket nearby.
6
     スカウト されました  
I was scouted in Shibuya, Tokyo.
3
ここで    ギャグ  したい      ! 
I'd like to do a joke now (here)!
-1
あそこ     おしゃべり     なっていました  
We became engrossed in our conversation over there.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (location)
Basic Examples:
レストランべる (eat at a restaurant)

Notes
Shows where A takes place
Where this grammar is found


User notes
17

In this grammar pattern with places, in contrast with using に (where the verb is usually only passive or showing existence), when using で there needs to be an action taking place. For example レストランにいます (I am at the restaurant) vs レストランでべています (I am eating at the restaurant).
12 years ago
avatar mysticfive - Level 679
0

Compare also to the use of に as a place marker (like in む).
12 years ago
jacekh - Level 1
 
For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)

  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Times (に and )!
7
この       んで     
Please read this book in three days.
5
    100          います  
There are people who read over a hundred books a month.
4
この 宿             です  
I plan on finishing this homework in an hour.
3
ほたる                   
Fireflies emerge into the open and die after a few days.

Getting the sentences
These user sentences have been verified by a native speaker.

4
しなさい
Study English for 3 hours. (Command)
9 years ago (0) (0)
Loading user sentences...

Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (length/amount)
Basic Examples:
(for 4 years)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
0

The particleで will allow us to know the context in wich the action take place 
example: くるまでる = I drove home
6 months ago
avatar guest
0

This usage can be linked to につき (2). The particle で can be replaced by につき, if the relation between the basic amount and the associated amount is fixed. につき is more formal than で

このページでいします。
We will pay 2.000 yen per page for this translation.
3 years ago
まさむね123 - Level 1
2

When used with time, it has the nuance of "over the course of (and no longer)"
e.g. った。It took (me) 2 years to learn Japanese.
7 years ago
avatar IJamLegend - Level 1
4

In general, で indicates scope when it follows quantity words. In addition to the 'length of time' usage, it is also often used to indicate how much something costs:


500える ----- books that can be bought for 500 yen

If で follows other counter words, it identifies that number of objects or people as the amount included:

った ---- went to the beach as a group of four people

で2500 ---- five books for 2500 yen
10 years ago
avatar guest
13

When using a length of time, that's the duration of the action, not "after (period of time), the action will occur".

(incorrect) でアメリカにきます > I will go to America in 5 months.
(ok!) でアメリカにいました. > I was in America for 5 months.

(incorrect) かけます > I will leave in an hour.
(correct) (ご)でかけます> I will leave after an hour.
12 years ago
avatar マイコー (Site admin) - Level 62
 
Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A

  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Objects (の,で,を)!
てんしゃ  もの    
I went shopping by bike.
19
          
I ate sashimi with chopsticks.
9
      テレビ          
Yesterday、I saw a movie on TV at my house.
12
                 
I want to talk to my Japanese friends using the Japanese language.
3
       もらいました  
I had (them) take me by car today.
7
  まで            
I think i will go to Kyoto by car.
4
          します  
I talk to her in Japanese.
5
あなた                
I heard about you from talking with my father.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (Object/Tool/Event)
BAction
Basic Examples:
いく (go by train)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.
 
Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of

  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Basic Particles III!
これ  わら つく       
This is made with straw.
0
      コーヒー      
I made coffee with mountain spring water.
1
あの        できています  
That temple is made completely of wood.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (Material)
Basic Examples:
できた (made of wood)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
13

で is used when the material something is made of is obvious. When the materials are not obvious, から is used instead.
When the statement is about something specific, the verb form できている is used, whereas for generic statements できる is used.
E.g.
そのでできている。 This box is made of wood.
でできる。 Swords are made of steel.
からできる。 Paper is made from wood.
このワインはカシスからできている。 This wine is made from black currant.
10 years ago
avatar alekth - Level 13
 
Because of A; Due to A

  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Because [A]!
1
すみません             
Sorry, the train was late because of the snow.
2
               
Today, fireworks will be set off because of the summer festival.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
Basic Examples:
(because of snow)

Aな-adjective
Basic Examples:
(because (it's) unhygenic)

Aい-adjective
-い
くて
Basic Examples:
しくて (because (I'm) busy)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.
 
Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns

  1. At A; in A
    Shows the location A that an action/event takes place.
  2. For A; in A (shows a length or amount of time)
  3. Do B by using the object A; Do B by means of A
  4. Shows the material A that something is made of/composed of
  5. Because of A; Due to A
  6. Used after nouns/な-adjectives to link a list of adjectives and/or nouns
Join for free or Login to study this and other grammar in the lesson Basic Particles II!
3
         
He is strong and healthy.
0
            
Ms. Yamada is a kind and beautiful person.
4
     ある             
The church in the outskirts of town is grand and wonderful.
4
パレード                なる  
When the parade starts the streets become lively and spectacular!

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
 
Aな-adjective
 
 
Basic Examples:
きれい (clean and wide)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
No user notes have been added. Logged-in users can add user notes.

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 1
Level: 1, : 7
There is also another way to use で。It means that you did something using another thing. Ex:

I'll read it with (using) a dictionary -> む。
I came from school by car -> からた。
3
12 years ago (Edited 12 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Thanks, added it. I'll add some model sentences later, but you can go ahead and put in your own user sentences.
1
12 years ago
Studying: JLPT3
Level: 1, : 4
The construction examples are quite misleading though - in meaning #2, they'd stand for "in a cat" and "in a meal", while in the second one "with a cat" (=I did sth using the cat / with the cat) and "with a meal".

I'd suggest some other examples, say: "で" ("in Japan") for the #1, "ナイフで" ("with a knife", like in "I cut the meat with a knife") for #2.
1
12 years ago (Edited 12 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Yea - I might need to remove those completely until I can get a fresh list. Right now, if it's a 'noun' in the construction, the same nouns are used regardless of the grammar point; same goes with verbs and adjectives. Let me think on that as to what the best way to continue would be. Thanks!
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 2
Studying: N3&N2
Level: 1, : 31
で also shows the cause (んだ。)
and the material (いすはっています。)
1
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Added them. Thanks!!
1
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Ah, and the kanji in your first sentence is off:
んだ。
should be
んだ。
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 2
Studying: N3&N2
Level: 1, : 31
sorry I wasn't paying attention.
1
12 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 9
Studying:
Level: 5, : 227
I heard that で is also the て form of nouns and な-adjectives, like when listing multiple occurrences:

さんはちで、かっこよくて、ですね。(Seen here: http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/compound)
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
Quite true - added it! It'll probably also get added when i eventually get around to noun/adjective types, but it definitely also belongs here. Thanks!
0
11 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3
Level: 1, : 274
For the second meaning, how would one link い-Adjs with な-Adjs and Nouns? The い-Adjs use the ーくて, right? So, would this work? ...おいしくてきれいでおもしろいです。
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: since 2000
Studying: のため、だから
Level: 679, : 4,786
absolutely! That works just fine ^.^
1
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3
Level: 1, : 274
Oh, good! :D Thank you!
0
9 years ago
avatar
Years Studied:
Studying: Going wherever my class takes me for now!
Level: 1, : 89

I was thinking about usage 5, about how it would work with verbs...You can make a verb into a noun by adding の to its stem form -- べるの = eating -- so you could say "because of A" by adding で to that...and I already knew that ので is basically a polite form of から! IT ALL MAKES SENSE

1
6 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: Many on and off
Studying: N2
Level: 478, : 2,213
Which category does this sentence fall into?
ボランティアをした。
To me it feels close to #3, but is clearly not an object. So I'm uncertain, where to put it.
0
3 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 62, : 5,642
I think object should be a suggestion, not a requirement. It's more a tool (physical or otherwise) with which an action is completed.
1
3 years ago



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