Vocabulary dictionary

Kanji dictionary

Grammar dictionary

Sentence lookup

test
 


 
Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  1. Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
    List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  2. Things like A; for example A
  3. Used to emphasize negative B
    B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  4. How A; What A
    Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  5. Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
    This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  6. What (did) A
    Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  7. What is the name of A
28
     など       
Two, four, six, etc. are even numbers.
17
       など         
Man fears disasters such as floods and fires.
18
この                    など        
The store sells foodstuffs, such as butter, cheese, and sugar.

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AList of items
など
Basic Examples:
パンぎゅうにゅうなど (bread, milk etc.)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
srm924
Level: 1
(13 years ago)
You will often see など written in kanji as
16
 
Things like A; for example A
  1. Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
    List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  2. Things like A; for example A
  3. Used to emphasize negative B
    B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  4. How A; What A
    Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  5. Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
    This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  6. What (did) A
    Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  7. What is the name of A
この みせ だんなど  ゆうめい   
This store's dangos and other things are famous.
6
     など          
I won't want to eat something like this.
5
   こと など               
I don't want to think about anything to do with her.

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
 
AVerb: Casual
 
 
など/なんて/なんか
Basic Examples:
きみなんてきらい (I hate people like you)

Related Expressions
Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
mysticfive
Level: 1144
(12 years ago)
this form of など・なんて・なんか is most commonly used in negative expressions
8
avatar
マイコー
Level: 170
(13 years ago)
なんか is often used in place of など in colloquial speech.

のことなどもうらない。"I don't care anymore about you (someone like you)"

(thanks to for this sentence)

なんて can also be used in place of など, it's often used when you're upset, angry, or surprised.

Sentences from mireille:

あなたなんかきらい。もうないで。
20のレポートを1いたなんて、すごいねえ。なんか3のレポートもけない。
っぽいね。まだ15だなんてじられないよ。
7
 
Used to emphasize negative B
B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  1. Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
    List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  2. Things like A; for example A
  3. Used to emphasize negative B
    B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  4. How A; What A
    Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  5. Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
    This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  6. What (did) A
    Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  7. What is the name of A
8
       いや    
I don't like clothes like this.
3
               
I just can't trust her opinion.
1
      でき       
There's no way someone like me could do it.

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun など/なんて/なんか
 
Aな-adjective なんて
 
AVerb: Casual なんて
 
Aい-adjective なんて
 
 
BNegative
Basic Examples:
けどってるひとなどきらい (I hate stuck-up people)

おせんなんてきもちわるい (dirty places are disgusting)

はしるなんてつかれちゃう (running is just exhausting)

やすいなんていらない ((I) don't need anything cheap)

Notes
なんて and なんか can replace など in casual speech.
Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
むしゃむしゃ
Level: 103
(9 years ago)
Japanese equivalent of "So", for negative feelings.
0
 
How A; What A
Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  1. Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
    List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  2. Things like A; for example A
  3. Used to emphasize negative B
    B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  4. How A; What A
    Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  5. Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
    This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  6. What (did) A
    Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  7. What is the name of A
0
           
What beautiful scenery.
0
     いい      
I'm in just the best mood.

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
なんて/なんと
Aい-adjective
Basic Examples:
なんてなつかしい (how nostalgic)

なんて/なんと
ANoun
Where this grammar is found


User notes
 
Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  1. Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
    List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  2. Things like A; for example A
  3. Used to emphasize negative B
    B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  4. How A; What A
    Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  5. Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
    This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  6. What (did) A
    Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  7. What is the name of A
1
        など ある     
There's just no way he could betray me.
0
よりによって 退       
Of all things, to be expelled from school..

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
Aい-adjective
なんて
BFeelings
AVerb: Dictionary Form
なんて
Basic Examples:
うそするなんてしんじられない (can't believe (they) would lie)

Aな-adjective
(だ)
なんて
ANoun
(だ)
なんて/など/なんか
Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
Level: 1
(3 years ago)
なんて can be used to express criticism or display surprise.
になるなんてじられない。できないのに。I can't believe the fact of him becoming a doctor. He can't even cook fish.
こんなにがうまいなんてられなかった。
I had no idea you can sing so well!

Conversational use.
0
 
What (did) A
Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  1. Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
    List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  2. Things like A; for example A
  3. Used to emphasize negative B
    B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  4. How A; What A
    Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  5. Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
    This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  6. What (did) A
    Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  7. What is the name of A
2
        
What did you just say?
0
この             
What do these kanji say?

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Casual
Basic Examples:
なんていう (what did (someone) say)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
 
What is the name of A
  1. Marks the end of the non-exhaustive list A
    List A only gives a few of a longer list; these terms are often separated by など or や.
  2. Things like A; for example A
  3. Used to emphasize negative B
    B can be things such as a negative adjective (きらい), or a verb (できない、いらない, etc).
  4. How A; What A
    Shows a very strong feeling A about something.
  5. Shows a strong emotion or feeling about A
    This phrase is often followed by words B such as じられない、ひどい、?、うらやましい、びっくり
  6. What (did) A
    Often used with verbs: いう (What did .. say), く (What did .. write);
  7. What is the name of A
0
この             
What's the name of this flower?
1
あの               
What again is the name of that person?

There are no user-submitted sentences!
Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
いう
ANoun
Basic Examples:
なんていういぬ (What's the dog's name)

Where this grammar is found


User notes

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
Years Studied: 2
Level: 1, : 56
など can be used not just for lists.
It's also used in conversation when speaking generally and in a roundabout way about someone or something.
For this kind of things なんか is used more often, but still.

For examples...

のことなどもうらない。"I don't care anymore about you (someone like you)"

but also

コーヒーなどいかがですか "How about something like a coffee?"


Sorry for my english XD I hope I explained myself at least in a decent way :P
Report Content
8
13 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
No problems at all with your English :). Thanks so much for this additional meaning! I've gone ahead and added it to this page (second meaning on the page). I used your first sentence as an example for なんか, but feel free to use the second sentence as a user sentence :)
Report Content
0
13 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 2
Level: 1, : 56
I'm glad I've been somehow useful :D
Report Content
0
13 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 102
Update for the second meaning:

Plain form verb + など・なんて
Noun + (だ+) など・なんて・なんか
Report Content
0
13 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
Added some of the constructions - do you have some examples of the なんて/なんか usage? I would think that's not the general usage of it, but one way in which it's used (might be better as a usage note?)
Report Content
0
13 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 3
Studying: JLPT N3 & JLPT 2
Level: 1, : 102
あなたなんかきらい。もうないで。
20のレポートを1いたなんて、すごいねえ。なんか3のレポートもけない。
っぽいね。まだ15だなんてじられないよ。
Report Content
0
13 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
Oooh, you mean using those instead of など, got it :). There's already a usage-note for なんか, but I'll mention なんて as well. Thanks!
Report Content
0
13 years ago
avatar
Years Studied: 6
Studying: N2
Level: 1, : 176
It would be great if なんて and なんか were searchable with など :-) if that's possible..
Report Content
0
12 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
They *should* be, but I can think of one reason as to why they might not be; will look into it later today!
Report Content
0
12 years ago
avatar
Level: 1, : 250
On the how to section of the 2nd usage of など, it says to drop い and add く before など for い-adjectives, but the example right below that says, "いなどいらない."
Report Content
1
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
I went ahead and changed it - it can take the く form depending on what follows the など, but there are probably more cases where it remains the same.
Report Content
0
11 years ago
guest
I just talked with a native speaker who told me that there's really no such thing as the 「て form + など」 construct. Apparently, due to the formal nature of など, you have to either rearrange the sentence to be more formal, or use one of the alternatives, なんか or なんて (as discussed above).

Specifically, I showed her the four examples under the second listed meaning. She said that this sentence is perfect:

ってるなどきらい -- I hate stuck-up people

She said though that the other three needed to be changed to use など. For instance:

ってなどつかれちゃう -- running is just exhausting

should be:

などは、つかれます。

So, it seems to me that the second meaning on this page still works, but only if a noun (possibly sans で) precedes など.

I think that it has mostly to do with mixing politeness levels more than anything. It would be kind of like using words throughout your sentences, but ending them with verbs in dictionary form - it just sounds too unnatural.

Your thoughts?
Report Content
1
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
So..the non Noun constructs can be used the way they are if its なんか or なんて, whereas only the Noun construct can be used with all three?
Report Content
0
11 years ago
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
Actually, I am looking at a grammar dictionary which confirms that, but takes it further, and says that while all the constructs can use なんて, only the N construct can use など or なんか.
Report Content
1
11 years ago
guest
OK, I talked with her a bit more about it...I'll paste what she said:

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

I think there are two different meanings in など

1. is "etc"
2. is "such a"

1. ることなどがきです。
I like riding a bicycle and so on.

2. ることなど、きではない。
I don't like such a riding a bicycle thing (because it's dangerous or something)

I think you want you use など in second usage, and you have to use negative usage.
After など、negative sentence must follow.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Then, she had me write a sentence, so I came up with:

することなどきではない。

She said this was fine, OR you could also say:

などきではない。

She confirmed that before など, there must be a noun. Also, she said that なんか (and I had assumed by extension なんて, but your grammar book says otherwise?) functions exactly the same in this usage as など, it just sounds casual. But she said you have to be careful to match the politeness of the verb at the end of the sentence, so for instance:

なんかきじゃない。

Is better than:

なんかきではない。
Report Content
3
11 years ago (Edited 11 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
Yea - the grammar book (it is actually an entry for なんて, with additional info for なんか and など) shows it coming after all word types.
Report Content
1
11 years ago
Years Studied: 2007
Studying: learn japanese
Level: 1, : 5
you are really great. With one sentence i learn more.
Report Content
1
10 years ago
guest
Not sure whether this was already added somewhere on Renshuu,
but なんて (formally, なんと) can also emphasize something positive.
For example, something like "I can't believe she's that cute!" would be
"そんなにかわいいなんて(じられない)!"
You could also say "このはなんてかわいいんだ!" (How cute is this dog!/How cute this dog is!)
I guess it could be translated as "how [adj.] it is!"
Report Content
2
3 years ago (Edited 3 years ago.)
avatar
Site admin
Level: 170, : 8,167
Sorry for the delay! After looking into multiple sources, I was able to come up with classifications that I think will fit the two different usages you mentioned. I do not have example sentences up yet, but we are hoping to boost the sentences in the grammar library through the rest of this year!
Report Content
1
3 years ago



Loading the list
Lv.

Sorry, there was an error on renshuu! If it's OK, please describe what you were doing. This will help us fix the issue.

Characters to show:





Use your mouse or finger to write characters in the box.
■ Katakana ■ Hiragana