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Some A; Any A (somebody, somewhere, sometime, somehow, etc.)
  1. Some A; Any A (somebody, somewhere, sometime, somehow, etc.)
  2. Forms the question form of the sentence A
  3. A or B
    Shows a pair of choices between two objects, descriptions, or actions.
  4. A is a question within the sentence
22
           だれか        って        
Because I was drunk, I accidentally put on someone else's shoes and went home.
11
  いつか       したい        
I want to travel around the world with you one day.
10
だれか         ようだ  
It seems like someone is calling me.
9
いつか その       ください  
Please tell me that story sometime.
9
どこか            
I'm in the mood to go somewhere far away.
7
             
I want to read something like a history book.
11
だれか     くれませんか  
Can somebody please help?

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun (どこ,だれ,なに,いつ)
Basic Examples:
だれか (anyone)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
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looh
Level: 16
(14 years ago)
These can be considered words on their own.

どこか - somewhere
だれか - someone
なにか - something
いつか - sometime
25
 
Forms the question form of the sentence A
  1. Some A; Any A (somebody, somewhere, sometime, somehow, etc.)
  2. Forms the question form of the sentence A
  3. A or B
    Shows a pair of choices between two objects, descriptions, or actions.
  4. A is a question within the sentence
7
 ばあさん         
Is Grandma doing well?
7
               
You didn't see Yamada today?
8
あなた          
What is your hobby?
6
ものまね      
Are you good at imitating things?

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ASentence
Basic Examples:
ですか (what is it?)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
avatar
Level:
(5 years ago)
This か is usually used in polite-form questions;
in casual speech, it's usually only used in rhetorical questions
or if you want to sound rough/manly.
You could say
— あ、ここか!= “Oh, it's here!”
— あ、LINEしてるのか!= “Oh, so you use LINE!”
— おい!やってんのか? = “Hey! What the **** are you doing?”
1
avatar
Avi Drucker
Level: 3
(13 years ago)
For new folks here having word order troubles, I recommend considering questions like statements (as one technique).

For example,
"Do you like strawberries?"
いちごがすきですか。(question)

into "You like strawberries."
いちごがすきです。(statement)

In this sense, Japanese questions are very easy, they are simple statements with a rising intonation "ka" at the end. Please keep in mind, thinking in or translating from English is only one tool, and likely not the best, to communicating/comprehending Japanese. Just that, if you're keeping the *core meaning* in mind, and that the question structure in Japanese is the same as the statement structure, you can better reduce your mental overhead.
12
 
A or B
Shows a pair of choices between two objects, descriptions, or actions.
  1. Some A; Any A (somebody, somewhere, sometime, somehow, etc.)
  2. Forms the question form of the sentence A
  3. A or B
    Shows a pair of choices between two objects, descriptions, or actions.
  4. A is a question within the sentence
こんしゅう あめ くも   おお     
I heard there will be a lot of rain or clouds this week.
15
                
I want to travel to Kyoto or Osaka.
12
             
I want to eat cake or pudding.
10
           
Help with the cleaning or the laundry!
13
                       ありません  
I want to learn dance or yoga, but I'm busy and I don't have any time.

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
ANoun
BNoun
Basic Examples:
りんごオレンジ (apple or orange)

AAdjective
BAdjective
Basic Examples:
(Hot or cold)

うるさい (quiet or noisy)

AVerb: Casual
BVerb: Casual
Basic Examples:
かない (to go or not to go)

Where this grammar is found


User notes
 
A is a question within the sentence
  1. Some A; Any A (somebody, somewhere, sometime, somehow, etc.)
  2. Forms the question form of the sentence A
  3. A or B
    Shows a pair of choices between two objects, descriptions, or actions.
  4. A is a question within the sentence
18
えみ      どこ          
I don't know where Emi is going for summer vacation.
8
       ここ まで             
I want you to tell me how you got here.
5
     ピカチュウ  どちら            
I am thinking about which is cuter: Mickey or Pikachu.
6
この       いつ               
Let's try asking a friend when this party is.
7
あなた        どれ       ください  
Please tell me which painting you painted.
6
                          
I cannot recall how I got home after I had some drinks.
8
       どこか        
I asked the employee where the magazines are sold.
6
この     いつ             
I don't know when this story was written.
8
   どこ  いる       
Do you know where Yamaguchi is?

Getting the sentences
Construction
(Elements in parentheses are optional.)
AVerb: Casual (の)
 
ANoun
 
Aい-adjective
 
Aな-adjective -な
 
 
Where this grammar is found


User notes
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compmyon
Level: 692
(1 month ago)

With embedded questions, だか is allowed in contrast to regular clauses.

0
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Funambule
Level: 160
(2 years ago)
Pour les propositions interrogatives indirectes, par exemple : se demander, réfléchir à, ...
0

Discussion about this grammar
avatar
darkje
Level: 1
Is this not the wrong level for JLPT? Previous years have this on test level 4 (for example 2005 has あしたがふるかあふらないかわかりません。)
1
15 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 276
I don't have my papers in front of me to check (at my brother's place for a few days) - can anyone else confirm/deny this?
0
15 years ago
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onlyforyou
Level: 1
In the study books that I have, it's actually split up. The first half of this one is in book 4 and the second one is in book 3...
0
14 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 276
Thanks - I've adjusted this. I hope to fill out all the jlpt4 materials in the next month or so, as soon as I figure out the best way to list the basic grammar concepts that comprise most of the jlpt 4 stuff.
0
14 years ago
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avatar
Level: 1
I guess this may not be pertinent since this is over grammar as it appears on the test, but か as a question marker isn't typically used in conversation or casual Japanese except to express disbelief if I recall correctly.
にそれをうか?」 "Are you really going to eat that?!"

I suppose if this is seen as useless it can always be deleted. :D
0
13 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 276
I double checked on this, and did found examples where the か was used as an interrogative marked in informal statements; of course, the example you've given is also valid, so it's just another twist on the usage :)
0
13 years ago
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テリフン
Level: 1
For the second meaning, is there not a way to use Na-Adjectives or mix Na- and I-Adjectives?
1
12 years ago
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マイコー
Level: 276
Yes, they can be entered - I adjusted the usage to include both types. Thanks!
1
12 years ago
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3nzo
Level: 1
In the example sentence 4 このパーティーはいつなのか Could i erase the なの ? Why is it there? Could i write my sentence like: このパーティーはいつか ? Thanks
0
11 years ago
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mysticfive
Level: 1691
actually, you can't just eliminate the なの - since いつか means 'someday,' the sentence このパーティーはいつか would mean 'the party is someday.' You would need to have です in there to differentiate (パーティーはいつですか). The なの here is also functioning to turn the sentence into a question - like in this grammar pattern: http://www.renshuu.org/index.php?page=grammar/individual&id=132 - so you could instead remove the か and have the question remaining unchanged.
0
11 years ago
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3nzo
Level: 1
Ok, i will check the link you put there. Hey, thanks for the quick answer :)
0
11 years ago
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